The continued growth of urbanized areas throughout the world, especially in Western Europe, has focused increasing military emphasis on fighting in, around, and through urbanized areas. Planning and conducting operaLions in an "ucbanized environment requires unique training and planning procedures. Procedure: hi• The authors of this report conducted a review of all existing U.S. MOUT doctrine and observed training in both the institutional and unit environments. Questionnaires were administered to entry level U.S. soldiers, and interviews were conductpd for all grades within the Army. Of special interest is the comparison of MOUT training and dcctrine made between the U.S. and its allies (West Germany, England, and France). Findings: The authors have determined that numerous researchable problems exist in the MOUT area; most notable are: (1) there is a need for an updated doctrinal review; (2) an optimum map scale for MOUT operations needs to be determined; (3) incorporation of live fire training should be explored; (4) urban terrain analysis needs more emphasis; (5) a detailed task analysis of MOUT needs to be conducted; (6) Lhe use of Multiple integrated Laser Engagement System (MILES) equipment should be expended; (7) the role of snipers needs to be more closely examined; (8) the need exists for developing Ccmmand Post Exercise/Field Training Exercise (CPX/FTX) MOUT scenarios; (9) related training without the use of a MOUT facility needs identification and emphasis; (10) weapons which are suitable for MOUT need to be identified; (11) the equipment needs of the individual soldier should be evaluated; and (12) the use of simulation may be a cost-effective alternative training method. Utilization of Findings: The purpose of this report is to give an overall view of existing MOUT doctrine and training. It can form the basis for a specific research project, or a change to current training procedures.
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