Background: Hepatosplenomegaly is the simultaneous enlargement of liver and spleen. Hepatosplenomegaly is a sign seen in various disease processes in infants and children. So, an attempt was made in the present study to know the various etiological factors and clinical features and clinical outcome of hepatosplenomegaly in the cases admitted in SVPPGIP and SCB Medical College and Hospital, Cuttack.Methods: A tertiary care hospital based prospective study was carried out in 150 children between1 month to 14 year of age for a period of 2 years.Results: The most common presenting features was anemia (79.3%) followed by fever (78%) and jaundice (38.7%). Infectious (50%) causes are commonest aetiology of hepatosplenomegaly followed by haematological (36%) and congestive (6%) causes. Infectious etiology was commonly constituted by malaria (25.2%) due to high prevalence of malaria in rural Odisha. Mortality is significant in infectious and congestive aetiologies among younger age groups whereas haematological causes have favorable outcome.Conclusions: A detailed history and thorough physical examination should be carried out in every case of hepatosplenomegaly to reach a diagnosis and determine further management plans. Since clinical outcome of children with infectious and congestive aetiologies are overwhelmingly poor, it can be improved by intervention at earliest time possible and aggressive treatment.
Background: Pre-eclampsia is not totally a preventable disease. It is found more related to chains of social ills such as poor maternal nutrition, limited or no antenatal care and poor reproductive education. However, some specific “high-risk” factors leading to pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) may be identified in individuals which include and not limited to young and elderly primigravida, multiple pregnancy, diabetes, Rh incompatibility, new paternity, pre-existing vascular or renal disease, family history of hypertension, pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, obesity, thrombophilia. Low dose aspirin given in 2nd trimester in these high-risk women is anticipated to prevent the development of PIH.Methods: This prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted in the department of obstetrics and gynecology, SCB MC and Hospital, Cuttack during November 2018 to October 2019. Pregnant women between the gestational age of 13th to 28th weeks were screened for risk factors and included in this study. Low dose aspirin of 60 mg daily till delivery was given to pregnant women who consented to be a part of study randomly with the other group having placebo.Results: Protienuric hypertension was high in control group who did not receive aspirin. Low dose aspirin significantly reduces PIH in high-risk group (3.48% in case versus 23.52% in control). Low dose aspirin was not associated with significant increase in placental bleeding. Low dose aspirin was generally safe for the fetus and new born infant with no evidence of an increased likelihood of bleeding.Conclusions: Low dose aspirin has a definite role in the prevention of PIH in high risk pregnancy. Low dose aspirin reduces the incidence of PIH. Low dose aspirin can be considered a safe drug without any deleterious side effect for mother and the fetus. Benefits of prevention of PIH, justifies its administration in women at high risk.
Background: Electrolyte imbalances are common in critically ill paediatric patients. When present, they can significantly affect the outcome. Critical care provision through Paediatric Intensive Care Units (PICU) is aimed at maintaining ‘homeostasis’ in the body which is vital for the organ’s support and optimal function. This involves fluids and electrolytes balance.Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted in the PICU, SCB MC and Hospital, Cuttack during November 2015 to October 2017. includes Children admitted to PICU (Based on consensus guidelines for PICUs in India, Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine (Pediatric Section) and Indian Academy of Pediatrics (Intensive Care Chapter).Results: Percentage of male children was 65.9%, with male to female ratio 1.9:1, showing male dominance. Most electrolyte imbalances were seen in age group of 1 to 5 years (67.06%). Abnormal serum electrolyte was seen in 37.91% in our study. SIADH was observed in 43.5% of euvolemic hyponatremic patients. SIADH was observed in 27.8% of hyponatremic patients. Respiratory disorder was the most common attributing factor for SIADH followed by CNS disorder.Conclusions: The present study showed high incidence of electrolyte abnormalities in patients admitted to pediatric intensive care unit. Though at times symptoms of electrolyte disorder is indistinguishable from symptoms of primary pathology, so a close monitoring and correction of electrolyte abnormalities is necessary for better outcome. SIADH is recognizable and common cause of electrolyte imbalance in PICU. Thus, this study recommends early routine monitoring of serum electrolytes in all patients admitted to PICU.
Introduction: Scrub typhus is re-emerging as a common prolonged febrile illness in children with serious complication involving major organ systems. It is easily treatable yet treatment is challenging with respect to early identification of predictors of serious disease that greatly affects the outcome in this vulnerable population. Aim: To study the clinical profile, analyse the complication and outcome of these patients. Materials and Methods: This was a hospital-based, prospective observational study. It was conducted in the Department of Paediatrics, SCB Medical College and Hospital, Cuttack from October 2017 to September 2019. All children with clinical features of scrub typhus were subjected to Immunoglobulin M (IgM) scrub typhus test. All observational data were analysed by IBM Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) software, version 25.0 and Chi-square test was used with p<0.05 as statistically significant. Results: Out of total 196 subjects, majority 87 (44.4%) were found to be in the age group of 1-5 years of age and majority were males (55.1%). Fever was universally present (100%). Eschar, the pathognomonic lesion of scrub typhus was found only in 47.4% of the patients. Acute hepatitis was the most frequent complication encountered (33.2%). Majority (87.2%) of the patients improved and were successfully discharged. A total of 61 (31%) patients, out of the 196 included in the study, required admission to ICU. Mortality was more marked in patients suffering from shock, acute hepatitis, Acute kidney Injury, meningoencephalitis and myocarditis and Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome (MODS) (p<0.05). Conclusion: Paediatric scrub typhus is quite common in the state of Odisha. Young age of presentation, presence of multi system involvement and delayed initiation of anti-rickettsial drugs due to delay in referral was also observed to be one of the poor prognostic factors.
Background: Though pregnancy induced hypertension is a worldwide problem, it is more prevalent in developing countries particularly south east Asian and African countries. It contributes to 20% of perinatal death and 40-50% of low birth weight babies in India. Fetal salvage is also an important consideration in providing quality care. Low dose aspirin given between 12 weeks to 28 weeks of gestational age in high-risk women at Developing Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) is anticipated to prevent the development of PIH and complications that arises especially those regarding maternal and fetal mortality due to PIH.Methods: This prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted in the dept of O and G, SCB MC and Hospital, Cuttack during November 2018 to October 2019. Pregnant women between the gestational age of 13 to 28 week were screened for risk factors and included in this study. Low dose aspirin of 60 mg daily till delivery was given to pregnant women who consented to be a part of study randomly with the other group taking placebo.Results: Incidence of IUGR babies in low dose aspirin treated mothers was as low as 1%. Incidence of LBW babies is lower in low dose aspirin treated mothers than with those who were not treated. Mean birth weight in cases was 2780 gm±352 gm vs control 2592 gm±483 gm. There is increased incidence of still birth in high risk group not treated with aspirin. No significant difference in reducing incidence premature deliveries between case and control.Conclusions: Low dose aspirin has a definite role in the prevention of PIH in high risk pregnancy and its complication like IUGR and low birth weight. Low dose aspirin reduces the incidence of PIH. Low dose aspirin can be considered a safe drug without any deleterious side effect for mother and the fetus. Benefits of prevention of PIH, justifies its administration in women at high risk.
Background: Childhood TB constitutes 10-20% of all TB cases in high burden countries like India and accounting for 8-20% of TB related deaths. Diagnosis of TB in children is difficult. One test, CBNAAT which was recently endorsed by WHO has the potential to lead a revolution in diagnosis of active TB disease.Methods: A cross sectional study in SCB MCH and SVPPGIP, Cuttack in all the suspected TB patients admitted during the period from January 2016 to October 2017.Results: A total of 100 suspicious patients admitted to the Department of Pediatrics in SCB MCH and SVPPGIP during the study period. Of these 45 were diagnosed TB and rest others were diagnosed otherwise than TB. Diagnosis of TB was established on basis of Microscopy, CBNAAT, culture, biochemistry, cytology, clinical findings, neuroimaging, FNAC/biopsy, USG abdomen. Out of 45 TB patients 30 were CBNAAT positive taking the body fluid samples other than blood, urine and stool with a sensitivity of 66.7% and specificity of 100%. Out of 45 TB patients 14 were having ZN Smear positive taking the same fluid sample with a sensitivity of 31.1% and specificity of 100%. Whereas out of these 45 TB patients 32 were MGIT culture positive taking the same sample with a sensitivity of 71.1% and specificity of 100%. When diagnostic performances of CBNAAT and MGIT culture were compared, it was found to be statistically insignificant with a P value 0.54.Conclusions: The CBNAAT is able to confirm a diagnosis of TB with 66.7% sensitivity and 100% specificity within 2 hours. We can use CBNAAT as a diagnostic method as it provides rapid result and simultaneous better sensitive result, it can be helpful in starting ATT in sick patients and also in outdoor patients.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers