Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] is an important crop for vegetable oil production, and is a major protein source worldwide. Because of its importance as a crop, genetic transformation has been used extensively to improve its valuable traits. Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) is one of the most wellknown viral diseases affecting soybean. Transgenic soybean plants with improved resistance to SMV were produced by introducing HC-Pro coding sequences within RNA interference (RNAi) inducing hairpin construct via Agrobacteriummediated transformation. During an experiment to confirm the response of transgenic plants (T 2 ) to SMV infection, no T 2 plants from lines #2 (31/31), #5 (35/35) or #6 (37/37) exhibited any SMV symptoms, indicating strong viral resistance (R), whereas NT (non-transgenic wild type) plants and those from lines #1, #3 and #4 exhibited mild mosaic (mM) or mosaic (M) symptoms. The northern blot analysis showed that three resistant lines (#2, #5 and #6) did not show the detection of viral RNA accumulation while NT, EV (transformed with empty vector carrying only Bar) and lines #1, #3 and #4 plants were detected. T 3 seeds from SMV-inoculated T 2 plants were harvested and checked for changes in seed morphology due to viral infection. T 3 seeds of lines #2, #5 and #6 were clear and seed coat mottling was not present, which is indicative of SMV resistance. RT-PCR and quantitative real-time PCR showed that T 3 seeds from the SMV-resistant lines #2, #5 and #6 did not exhibit any detection of viral RNA accumulation (HC-Pro, CP and CI), while the viral RNA accumulation was detected in SMV-susceptible lines #1, #3 and #4 plants. During the greenhouse test for viral resistance and yield components, T 3 plants from the SMV-inoculated transgenic lines #2, #5 and #6 showed viral resistance (R) and exhibited a more favorable average plant height, number of nodes per plant, number of branches per plant, number of pods per plant and total seed weight with statistical significance during strong artificial SMV infection than did other plant lines. In particular, the SMVresistant line #2 exhibited superior average plant height, pod number and total seed weight with highly significance. According to our results, RNAi induced by the hairpin construct of the SMV HC-Pro sequence effectively confers much stronger viral resistance than did the methods used during previous trials, and has the potential to increase yields significantly. Because of its efficiency, the induction of RNAi-mediated resistance will likely be used more frequently as part of the genetic engineering of plants for crop improvement.