The fish industry generates high volume of waste from fish oil that can have the extraction of its lipids used as nutraceuticals and foods. The objective of this study was to produce unsaturated fatty acids from industrialized fish oil by means of a differentiated hydrolysis process. The samples used were crude fish oil obtained from Campestre industry and characterized through physicalchemical parameters, according to ADCS: acidity, peroxide, saponification, iodine and percentage of free fatty acids and also obtained the fatty acid profile through derivatization method for gas chromatography. The results obtained for the oleochemical indices for refined oil were similar to the data found on the literature. The content of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) was found of 32,78%, with 9,12% of docosahexaenoic (DHA) and 10,36% of eicosapentaenoic (EPA), regarding monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) content was of 30,59% in the hydrolyzed fish oil in relation to refined (20,06%). Thus, it can be concluded that the hydrolysis process used for oils from fish-waste was satisfactory on the production of absolute yield of lipids in the process and significant preservation on the percentages of EPA and DHA, interesting on the production of nutraceuticals and nutrition of aquatic animals, including shrimp in captivity.
The present work shows the aspects related to the synthesis and thermogravimetric analysis of thiophosphorated and phosphorated compounds from hydrogenated cardanol. Studies on thermal-oxidative stability were investigated, using a classical thermoanalytical-thermogravimetric method (TG/DTG) in an air atmosphere. Its use as an antioxidant additive in hydrogenated naphthenic NH10, NH20 and NH140 oils was evaluated. The addition of 1.2% synthesized compounds to the oils has improved their thermal-oxidative stability by 5-15ºC. The occurrence of major thermal degradation events at higher temperatures (Tmax) in additivated oils is a good indication of the antioxidant properties of the thiophosphorated and phosphorated cardanol compounds antioxidant properties
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