Due to an increasing need for face recognition under poor lighting conditions, near infrared (NIR) face recognition based on deep convolutional neural networks (DCNN) has become an active area of research. However, in NIR face images of eyeglasses wearers, reflected light is generated around the eyes due to active NIR light sources, and it is one of the main contributors to performance degradation in NIR face recognition. In addition, there have to date been no attempts to lighten DCNN models for NIR face recognition. To solve these problems, we propose a DCNN-based fast NIR face recognition system which is robust to reflected light. This work has two main contributions: 1) We generated synthetic face images of individuals with and without eyeglasses using our proposed CycleGAN-based Glasses2Non-glasses (G2NG) data augmentation. We then constructed an augmented training database by adding the synthetic images, and the database helps to make the NIR face recognition system robust against reflected light. 2) A lightweight NIR FaceNet (LiNFNet) architecture was developed to reduce the computational complexity of the proposed system by adapting the depthwise separable convolutions and linear bottlenecks to VGGNet 16. The proposed architecture reduces the computation required, while improving the performance of NIR face recognition. Through the experiments reported in this paper, we verified that the proposed G2NG data augmentation improved the face recognition validation rate by 99.09% for NIR face images which have the reflected light from eyeglasses. Also, LiNFNet reduces the number of multiplication operations by 4.4 × 10 9 compared with VGGNet 16. INDEX TERMS Biometrics, deep learning, NIR face identification, fine-tuning, lightweight deep CNN.
In recent years, environmental information monitoring in the agricultural field has become an important issue. There is an increasing demand for meteorological information in local areas such as a rice field, a greenhouse, etc., owned by an agricultural worker. Conventional research has been actively conducted on weather stations in local areas. However, weather stations that are inexpensive, highly accurate, and have achieved stable measurements indoors and outdoors for long periods of time (over a year) are not reported. In addition, there is a lack of research that simultaneously acquires weather information, stores weather information, and provides weather information to farmers. These three functions are important in the agricultural field. In this paper, we discuss the development of a meteorological observation device, the construction of a cloud server for storing meteorological information, and the provision of information to users. First, we develop the novel meteorological observation device (KOSEN-Weather Station), which applies a simple Aßmann’s aspiration psychrometer for highly accurate temperature and humidity measurements. To evaluate the reliability of KOSEN-WS, we compare the weather information measured by KOSEN-WS with that of WXT520. As a result, it is shown that KOSEN-WS is viable. Then, KOSEN-WS is installed in the field, and the stability and durability of KOSEN-WS are examined. As a result, the KOSEN-WS has been operating stably over 19 months and provides weather information to users. Then, it is shown that the KOSEN-WS is able to operate continuously under the environment of −16.5 °C to 44.9 °C. Next, for the storage of meteorological information, we construct the cloud server. Then, a webpage is created to provide easy-to-understand weather information to farmers. Furthermore, to prevent damage to crops, if the current temperature is lower than the set temperature, or if the current temperature is higher than the set temperature, an alert is sent to the farmers. As a result, the system is highly evaluated by agricultural workers and JA staff. From the above results, the effectiveness of this system is shown.
Personal mobility devises become more and more popular last years. Gyroscooters, two wheeled self-balancing vehicles, wheelchair, bikes, and scooters help people to solve the first and last mile problems in big cities. To help people with navigation and to increase their safety the intelligent rider assistant systems can be utilized that are used the rider personal smartphone to form the context and provide the rider with the recommendations. We understand the context as any information that characterize current situation. So, the context represents the model of current situation. We assume that rider mounts personal smartphone that allows it to track the rider face using the front-facing camera. Modern smartphones allow to track current situation using such sensors as: GPS / GLONASS, accelerometer, gyroscope, magnetometer, microphone, and video cameras. The proposed rider assistant system uses these sensors to capture the context information about the rider and the vehicle and generates context-oriented recommendations. The proposed system is aimed at dangerous situation detection for the rider, we are considering two dangerous situations: drowsiness and distraction. Using the computer vision methods, we determine parameters of the rider face (eyes, nose, mouth, head pith and rotation angles) and based on analysis of this parameters detect the dangerous situations. The paper presents a comprehensive related work analysis in the topic of intelligent driver assistant systems and recommendation generation, an approach to dangerous situation detection and recommendation generation is proposed, and evaluation of the distraction dangerous state determination for personal mobility device riders.
To ensure the safety of a handle-type electric wheelchair (hereinafter, electric wheelchair), this paper describes the applicability of using a Kinect sensor. Ensuring the mobility of elderly people is a particularly important issue to be resolved. An electric wheelchair is useful as a means of transportation for elderly people. Considering that the users of electric wheelchairs are elderly people, it is important to ensure the safety of electric wheelchairs at night. To ensure the safety of an electric wheelchair at night, we constructed a hazardous object detection system using commercially available and inexpensive Kinect sensors and examined the applicability of the system. We examined warning timing with consideration to the cognition, judgment, and operation time of elderly people. Based on this, a hazardous object detection area was determined. Furthermore, the detection of static and dynamic hazardous objects was carried out at night and the results showed that the system was able to detect with high accuracy. We also conducted experiments related to dynamic hazardous object detection during daytime. From the above, it showed that the system could be applicable to ensuring the safety of the handle-type electric wheelchair.
We developed a method for the precise estimation of the 3D trajectory of a baseball by modeling the movement of the baseball and estimating the capture delay, using multiple unsynchronized cameras. To develop the proposed algorithm, we mimicked the real-world process of capturing a baseball in simulation space, and analyzed the capture process using a multiple unsynchronized camera system. We represented the movement of the baseball using a piece-wise spline model, and predicted the position of the baseball in the subframes in a manner which is robust to position error and change in direction of movement of the baseball. This method accurately predicts the baseball position over time by modeling the movement of the baseball in a real baseball game environment, and improves the accuracy of the reconstructed 3D baseball trajectories. We defined an objective function to estimate the capture delay, and estimate the optimal capture delay parameter using non-linear optimization method. In addition, we evaluated the performance of the proposed method in simulation space and in a real-world situation. The experimental results show that the proposed method can estimate a 3D baseball trajectory precisely using a multiple unsynchronized camera system and is robust to variations in capture delay, both in the simulation space and in real-world situations. INDEX TERMS Stereo vision, 3D pitching trajectory, multiple unsynchronized cameras, camera calibration.
scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers
Part of the Research Solutions Family.