This study aimed to validate the Portuguese version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) and investigate its association with sociodemographic and pandemicrelated variables in the population of Mozambique. Participants and Methods: A cross-sectional online survey recruited 387 Mozambicans aged 18 to 70 years. The psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the FCV-19S were evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis and Rash analysis. Additionally, the association of the FCV-19S with sociodemographic and pandemic-related variables was investigated using the two-sample t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and logistic regression. Results: The unidimensional factor structure of the Portuguese version of the FCV-19S was confirmed, and the scale showed good internal consistency reliability. The FCV-19S properties tested from the Rasch analysis were satisfactory. Women and those with lower education levels had higher scores of fear. Moreover, significantly higher levels of fear were observed among those being in an at-risk group for COVID-19, having family members or friends diagnosed or with death confirmed by COVID-19, and not being confident that they would receive adequate care from the public health services in case of COVID-19 infection. Conclusion: The Portuguese version of FCV-19S has strong psychometric properties and can be used to assess the fear of COVID-19 in the Portuguese-speaking population of Mozambique. As the adverse impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health represents a challenge to clinical psychiatry, and information on mental health in African countries is still scarce, our findings may assist in the planning of public mental health policies, aimed mainly at specific segments of the population, such as women and people in extreme poverty.
In Mozambique old and new evils of body and spirit intertwine, thus allowing particular contours to modern life. Traditional diseases are reconfigured along the lines of a new thinking, and what Western medicine calls malnutrition is defined as xilala by the local traditional thinking. This study aimed to understand the point of view of both caregivers (mothers and grandmothers) of children participating in a Nutritional Rehabilitation Program and ethnomedicine experts, who find themselves entangled in a complex set of relationships through which different forms to comprehend body, health, and disease circulate. The supplement, as an object, has a life of its own and takes on new meanings when it leaves the hospital. When its use happens at home, it acquires a particularity: it becomes food. Thus, it ceases to be something inert and impersonal, which is a feature of standard medicine of the health institution. The local view centered on ethnomedicine is based on the certainty that a situation affecting a child cannot have a healing outcome if not by traditional medicine. Biomedical rationality erected from the confluence of the biological and technical sciences with their scientific postulates does not constitute the authorized discourse in this context.
Sexual and reproductive health is the state of complete physical,mental and social well-being in all aspects related to the reproductive system. This implies that people must be able to obtain satisfaction and security in their sexual life, have the ability to reproduce including the freedom to decide when and how many children they want. However, the achievement of sexual and reproductive rights is impossible without male participation as users and partners in the SRH. It is imperative, therefore, that men take responsibility by invest in their own health and supporting the autonomy of women. The study aimed to analyse the factors that contribute to the use of sexual and reproductive health services among men in the district of Boane.Study is carried out in the health center of Boane district health services for women,it should be noted that for the materialization of this research,a cross-sectional descriptive study was used in a qualitative approach, non-probabilistic sampling for convenience, were part of the research 22 male users of the health service. There were asked about the use of Sexual and Reproductive Heath Service ( SRHS),the moment they used it,the type of services offered to men and if they were adequate.The data were collected in December 2020,through interview,where the semi-structured interview guide was used for this purpose.It is worth mentioning that at all time of the research the ethical precepts were respected.Results:Most of the interviewees (17) reported that they had heard of SRHS,(11) of the interviewees said that they offered family planning services and (08) said that they were unaware of the services offered (12) of the participants said they had never used the services and (08) said they did when they accompanied their wives. (15) of the interviewees said that they did not have an expectation when they went to these services: There were (02) who did not know if the services were adequate and (20) said that they were adequate. We concluded that there is a need for the most outstanding implementation of the drawn policies,new strategies in the approach of this question between men and adequacy of services so that they did not continue to be segregators and perpetuating the managing of gender.
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