Objective: To assess the prevalence of common mental disorder and its related factors in primary health care. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 607 individuals in a primary health care service. The instrument of the study was the Self Reporting Questionnaire 20. Results: Out of the interviewed subjects, 31.47% showed greater probability of occurrence of a common mental disorder. The following predictive variables were associated with a lower probability of occurrence of common mental disorder: sex, being single, being a student or a worker with signed labor, having higher education levels and income over four times the minimum wage. The variables associated with a higher probability of occurrence of a common mental disorder were being self-employed, housewife, with children, having lower education level and low income. Conclusion: The prevalence of a common mental disorder was high and the associated factors were: being female, divorced, Asian, aged between 18 and 59, housewife, with children, having four to seven years of education, income up to one minimum age and living in a borrowed or donated house.
SUMMARY:In 2003, the UFG Faculty of Medicine, to revamp its educational project, reduced the hourly load of some subjects, among them those of anatomy, which in general leads to eliminate the practice of dissection. This practice is essential for the basic training of students, being then used in other sciences such as pathology. The objective of this study was to compare and link data between groups that made or did not make dissection after the anatomy course. Questionnaires were issued to 86 medical students from the UFG Faculty of Medicine, and from these, 10 made dissection and 76 did not. Analyzing the answers, it was found that both groups recognize the importance of this practice for the knowledge of the anatomy discipline and for future disciplines or their profession. It follows that dissection could help in the consolidation of post-modern paradigm in medical education since it improves the attention and learning of students.
Objective: the aim of this study was to identify factors associated with family functionality of non-institutionalized long-lived subjects, who were residents in Goiânia (GO), Brazil. Method: this was a population-based epidemiological study with cross-sectional outline. Evaluation scales of the functional and cognitive capacities were used. Family dynamics was measured using the Adaptation, Partnership, Growth, Affection, and Resolve (APGAR) instrument by making home interviews with 131 long-lived individuals. Results: there was prevalence of the female gender, average of age of 83.87 years old, widowhood condition, and residence in a big family, primary schooling, and self-perception of regular health. A great amount showed independence for self-care and partial dependence for daily life instrumental activities. Family functionality prevailed with score average of 9.06 points. Conclusion: in conclusion, family functionality in long-lived subjects is associated with self-perception of poor/bad health, osteoporosis, and fall. Results allowed characterizing long-lived subjects' family functionality with the aim of valuing and prioritizing family as a caregiver.
doi: 10.5216/ree.v12i3.11144Diante do desafio posto para as Instituições de Ensino Superior em saúde para formar profissionais competentes para atuar no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) o objetivo deste artigo foi discutir o SUS como referência no processo de formação do enfermeiro, articulando com as Diretrizes Curriculares em Enfermagem (DCN/ENF). Utilizamos como referência recentes estudos que apontam para as potencialidades e fragilidades dos cursos de graduação neste processo de construção e aproximação. A articulação dos setores de educação com o da saúde é essencial para o alcance das mudanças na gestão e nas práticas de saúde. A partir de reais experiências e, em meio a desafios e entraves na prática educacional e da saúde, levantamos avaliações e posicionamentos que re-orientam os caminhos/instrumentos a serem pensados e utilizados na superação do distanciamento da formação do enfermeiro com a sua prática na SUS. Concluímos que tanto educadores, gestores e profissionais estão desafiados diante da necessidade do saber inovador das práticas pedagógicas articuladas com as diretrizes do SUS, que historicamente apresentam fatos assincrônicos; da diversidade de cenários de prática e da avaliação e recondução contínua da formação. Descritores: Pessoal de Saúde; Educação em Enfermagem; Políticas Públicas de Saúde; Programas de Graduação em Enfermagem.
Noninjecting illicit drug users (NIDUs) present high risk for HIV infection, due especially to transactional sex. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and risk factors for transactional sex among NIDUs in the Southwest region of Goiás State, Central Brazil. The prevalence of self-reported transactional sex was 22.8%. Prevalence in women and men was 52.7% and 16.8%, respectively, a significant difference (p < 0.001). Crack use and history of sexually transmitted infections (STI) were risk factors for transactional sex in men. Homelessness, crack use, sex under the influence of drugs, and history of sexual violence were risk factors for transactional sex in women. A high prevalence of transactional sex was observed among NIDUs. This risk behavior may contribute to the high rates of HIV among this population and their social networks and in the general population.
Revisão Integrativa da Literatura com o objetivo de sistematizar o conhecimento produzido acerca de como tem sido utilizado o APGAR de Família na identificação da funcionalidade nas relações familiares de idosos. Método: Levantamento realizado nas bases de dados da LILACS, MedLine, Pubmed e SciELO com os descritores: "aged", "aged, 80 and over", "family relations" e "family", por retratarem a tríade idoso-família-relações familiares nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol, entre 2000 e 2013. Resultados: treze artigos atenderam aos critérios de inclusão, todos foram evidências de estudos não experimentais, descritivos ou com abordagem qualitativa. Os artigos analisados descrevem o APGAR de Família como um instrumento utilizado por equipe multiprofissional na avaliação da funcionalidade familiar a partir da pessoa índice. Rápido de ser aplicado, de fácil manejo profissional e interpretação, possibilita detecção de disfuncionalidade familiar de idosos e cuidadores, condição que colabora na ampliação da concepção das relações no contexto familiar.
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