Anthropological study carried out by ethnographic method within the members of two HIV support groups for people living with HIV/AIDS, in the city of Brasilia. The research aims to understand the potential benefits of these forms of social organization for facing the daily life with the virus and the contribution to antiretroviral adherence. The methodological approach focused on the development of ethnographic work which included techniques such as participant observation and interviews with members and group coaches. Results led to the identification of interacting mechanisms within health staff and people living with HIV/AIDS, the adoption of attitudes to deal with the drug prescription, and input provided by the group to improve adherence to ARV by highlighting the role of networking and peer support. Keywords: Adherence; Aids; Ethnography; Support Groups.
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