BACKGROUND:We conducted this national survey to quantitatively assess sleep medicine services in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and to identify obstacles that specialists and hospitals face, precluding the establishment of this service.MATERIALS AND METHODS:A self-administered questionnaire was designed to collect the following: General information regarding each hospital, information regarding sleep medicine facilities (SFs), the number of beds, the number of sleep studies performed and obstacles to the establishment of SFs. The questionnaire and a cover letter explaining the study objectives were mailed and distributed by respiratory care practitioners to 32 governmental hospitals and 18 private hospitals and medical centers in the KSA.RESULTS:The survey identified 18 SFs in the KSA. The estimated per capita number of beds/year/100,000 people was 0.11 and the per capita polysomnography (PSG) rate was 18.0 PSG/year/100,000 people. The most important obstacles to the progress of sleep medicine in the KSA were a lack of trained sleep technologists and a lack of sleep medicine specialists.CONCLUSION:The sleep medicine services provided in the KSA have improved since the 2005 survey; however, these services are still below the level of service provided in developed countries. Organized efforts are needed to overcome the identified obstacles and challenges to the progress of sleep medicine in the KSA.
Aim: Previous studies have shown that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA) gene variants were associated with breast cancer risk.
Objectives:To investigate the frequency and clinical characteristics of emergency presentation of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) in Tabuk Region of Saudi Arabia.Methods:This is a retrospective, descriptive hospital-based study. All cases with CRC that presented to the main referral hospitals in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia between 2010 and 2015 were retrieved. The relevant hospitals are: King Salman Military Hospital, King Khalid Hospital, and King Fahad Hospital.Results:Seventy-three patients were included in the study. Twenty-two patients presented emergency constituting 30.6% of the total. Emergency CRC presentation was more common in elderly patients (81.8%), but a greater proportion of young patients was also affected (40% versus 29% in elderly patients). The disease is more common in females (37%) than males (26.7%) and intestinal obstruction was the sole form of presentation. Patients presenting emergency had more right-sided (61.9%) than left-sided tumors (30.2%). Advanced presentation with metastasis was noted in 40% of the patients presenting acutely.Conclusion:Emergency CRC presentation is common in the Tabuk region. Patients tend to present at an advanced stage, which necessitates an endeavor to detect the disease in its early stages, possibly through initiation of health education programs and suitable screening projects.
Phyllodes tumor is a benign breast cancer with a malignant potential. It is very rare in Saudi Arabia and also rare around the world. Malignant phyllodes tumors originate from the connective tissue of the breast, so they are histologically sarcomas. We report the largest phyllodes tumor ever seen in Saudi Arabia, a 41-year-old female who presented with a huge breast mass occupying the whole breast with areas of ulceration. Her history had started 14 months previously with a slowly growing left breast swelling, ultimately the lump ulcerated and became necrotic. Mastectomy with partial resection of the pectoral muscles was done. The tumor specimen measured exactly 30×20×13 cm in size, and weight of 5.4 kg, and with the closest margin of resection 0.5 cm away from the tumor the histopathology report came back as malignant phyllodes tumor. The patient was sent for radiotherapy and chemotherapy. We concluded that accurate preoperative pathological diagnosis is very important for management of phyllodes tumor, and allows correct surgical planning and avoidance of reoperation.
INTRODUCTION:Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been extensively used globally and is often administered as the first-line treatment. Currently, data regarding the utilization of NIV in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is scarce. The present study aimed to assess and quantify the utilization of NIV in clinical practice across the KSA and investigate obstacles that may cause NIV underutilization.METHODS:A web-based survey composed of a 31-item, self-administered questionnaire was developed and validated. The questionnaire was designed to obtain general information about each hospital, availability of NIV practice, use of NIV, and obstacles that can hinder NIV use in clinical settings; the survey was sent to senior respiratory therapists (RTs) of 76 hospitals. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data.RESULTS:Sixty-one hospitals (80.3%) responded to the survey (47 governmental and 14 private). NIV was available in all hospitals and all the Intensive Care Units. The majority of RTs (85%) reported having a good experience with NIV, with a confidence rate of 60%; however, only 22% of the RTs had received formal training. Although NIV setup was the sole responsibility of RTs, only 69% participated in NIV management. Moreover, 72% of hospitals had an NIV setup protocol in place. However, 50% of them lacked a protocol for NIV failure. NIV protocols for specific indications were present in 64% of the hospitals: 47.2% for monitoring and 42% for weaning. The perceived efficiency of NIV practice was low in the medical wards, with a <49% success rate in 39% of the hospitals. Shortage of staff and lack of formal training were the most common reasons for NIV underutilization.CONCLUSION:The efficiency of NIV in the KSA was low. The RTs expressed moderate confidence in administering NIV. Lack of appropriate exposure and formal training could have negative impacts on NIV practice.
Background: Simulation-based education (SBE) provides a safe, effective, and stimulating environment for training medical and healthcare students. This is especially valuable for skills that cannot be practiced on real patients due to ethical and practical reasons. We aimed to assess medical students’ attitude, perception, and experience of simulation-based medical education in Saudi Arabia. Method: A validated cross-sectional survey, using the KidSIM scale, was conducted to measure the level of perception and experience of students from different health sciences specialties toward integrating simulation as an educational tool. Participants responded to questions investigated the importance of simulation, opportunities for Inter-Professional Education (IPE), communication, roles and responsibilities, and situation awareness. Only students with previous experience of SBE were considered for participation. Result: This survey was completed by 246 participants, of whom 165 (67%) were male students and 228 (93%) were aged between the range of 18–30 years old. Of the respondents, 104 (67%) were respiratory care students, 90 (37%) were anesthesia technology students, and 45 (18%) were nursing students. Most of the participants had previous experience in IPE simulation activities (84%), and more than half of the students (54%) had a grade point average (GPA) ranging between 5.00 and 4.50. Overall, students had positive attitudes toward and beliefs about SBE, with a mean score of 129.76 ± 14.27, on the KidSIM scale, out of 150. Students’ GPA was significantly associated with a better perception to the relevance of simulation (p = 0.005), communication (p = 0.003), roles and responsibilities (p = 0.04), and situation awareness (p = 0.009). GPA is merely the sole predictor for positive attitude toward simulation with coefficient Beta value of 4.285 (p = 0.001). There were no significant correlations between other students’ characteristic variables (gender, specialty, study year, experience in IPE, and prior critical care experience). Conclusion: We found that health sciences students’ perception of SBE in Saudi Arabia is generally positive, and students’ performance is a significant determinant of the positive perception.
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