For reliable operation of power transformers, the condition of the insulation system is essential. This paper reports on a detailed study of the effect of ageing, temperature and moisture on frequency and time domain spectroscopic measurements carried out on oil-impregnated pressboard samples as well as on a distribution transformer under controlled laboratory conditions. Because field measurements are generally performed after de-energizing the transformer, extreme care is required in interpreting the results due to inherent temperature instabilities. To avoid large thermal variations that may affect the results, a customized adiabatic room was built around the transformer for measurements above the ambient. Capacitance ratio and direct current conductivity deduced from the spectroscopic measurements, helped to interpret the data. Because, low frequency measurements techniques are time consuming, alternative to a transfer of time domain data into frequency domain data was investigated.
Accelerated aging tests have been extensively used on motor and generator insulation systems to simulate in a short time period the deterioration mechanisms occurring during normal operation of many years, to identify insulation system designs with longer life time and to support the qualification of a new system. The contribution presents results from extensive investigations on the behavior of two VPI machine test insulation systems (reference and candidate) with thermal class F (155 °C), which were subjected to three thermal overstresses in repeated cycles. After each thermal cycle the insulation system is subjected to mechanical stress, moisture, and voltage. In order to check the condition of the insulation systems in a non-destructive manner several properties of insulation like dissipation factor, insulation resistance and partial discharge quantities were measured after each thermal cycle. After that the end of life of the insulation systems were checked with ac voltage and impulse voltage. The results support the qualification by comparative evaluation and they indicate, how the changes in electrical and dielectric properties of insulation take place during the accelerated aging test.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.