Background:The development of full endoscopic procedures enables surgeons to visualize the operative field very clearly. Posterior foraminotomy using endoscopy was developed as a minimally invasive procedure to reduce the complication of the anterior cervical approach and to preserve the segmental motion without decreasing the effectiveness of nerve decompression. Our aim is to evaluate the result of full endoscopic posterior cervical foraminotomy in our center. Methods: This is a prospective single-arm study of 65 foraminal disc herniation and foraminal stenosis patients that underwent full endoscopic posterior foraminotomy procedures. All patients were routinely observed for 12-months duration to evaluate Visual Analog Score (VAS) of the neck, arm, and modified Macnab criteria. Results: Arm pain VAS decreased significantly compared with the pre-operation state (p < 0.001, 0.034, 0.001 on immediate post-operative, 6-months follow-up, and 12-months follow-up, respectively) even though 6.15% of patients had hypesthesia on follow-up. There was no neck pain observed during 1 year follow-up, and modified Macnab criteria showed a good outcome following full endoscopic posterior foraminotomy. Conclusion: Full endoscopic posterior foraminotomy provides good nerve decompression with all the benefits of endoscopic spine procedure.
This case report presents a rare case of vertebral artery and spinal cord injury due to air rifle pellet.
A previously healthy 19-year-old male was shot on his left neck incidentally during recreational air rifle game. He was taken to the other hospital before being referred to our hospital.
Clinical findings and investigations
The patient presented with total loss of motoric function on his left side of the body together with sensoric function on the contralateral side from the level of C5 and below. Signs of stroke were also spotted on the patient's face. The cervical plain radiograph and CT scan were carried out preoperatively to depict pellet fragments. Meanwhile, the CT angiography which was commenced postoperatively revealed the left vertebral artery injury.
Surgery comprising of pellet fragments removal, decompression and posterior stabilization of the cervical spine was carried out to retrieve the pellet fragments, which were embedded at the posterior epidural space.
Relevance and impact
Our findings were consistent with the vertebral artery injury and Brown-Sequard syndrome. Hence, these clinical entities should be considered in the setting of penetrating cervical trauma.
Backgrounds : Minimally invasive surgery develops very extensively in past few decades, not only in the scope of decompression but until fusion surgery. Surgeon has been trying to reduce the damage to the normal anatomical structure. In this study we performed unilateral biportal endoscopic lumbar interbody fusion (ULIF) as one of the fusion option which is readily available without sophisticated minimal invasive instrument. The purpose of this study is to introduce unilateral biportal endoscopic surgery and comparing the result with conventional minimal invasive lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) Methods : This is a retrospective cohort study of 145 lumbar spondylolisthesis patient underwent conventional MIS-TLIF or ULIF procedure. All patient were followed up until 12 months to evaluate the VAS of back pain and leg pain, ODI, SF-36 and fusion rate. Results : Back pain VAS were a little higher compared with the endoscopic group, but the VAS of leg pain were the same. Both group had improvement in ODI score and SF-36 which shows both of the procedure were quite effective in managing such cases. Conclusion : Full endoscopic fusion offer benefit of minimal invasive surgery with better visualization of decompression and endplate preparation. Long term follow up is still needed to evaluate the result of the procedure.
Background:Until recently, open decompression was considered the gold standard for the management of spinal stenosis, but the evolution of minimally invasive spine instruments has brought a new dimension to the management of spinal stenosis. Full endoscopic surgery has a lot of advantages in terms of minimal soft tissue damage, less bleeding, shorter hospital length of stay, and earlier return to work. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of full endoscopic lumbar decompression for degenerative lumbar canal stenosis compared with classic open decompression surgery.Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis without instability, consisting of 132 open decompression and 163 full endoscopic decompression patients. We evaluated the clinical result of the pre-and postoperative visual analog scale (VAS) of leg pain, back pain, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). We observed the patients until 1 year after the operation.Results: The postoperative ODI scores and VAS scores for back pain and leg pain were better than the preoperative scores. The ODI scores and VAS scores for leg pain were significantly better in both groups (P = 0.033 and 0.04, respectively). The main difference between open and full endoscopic decompression was the VAS back pain and amount of bleeding. In the full endoscopic group, the mean VAS back pain was 1.6 and the amount of bleeding was minimal. In the open decompression surgery, the mean VAS back pain was 3.5 and the amount of bleeding was around 84 mL. The length of hospital stay was shorter in the full endoscopic group, which was 1.5 days compared with 3.4 days in open decompression (P = 0.034).Conclusion: Full endoscopic decompression showed better early results compared with the conventional group, but a long-term study is still needed for further evaluation of the clinical results. The use of the full endoscopic technique is very promising in the management of spinal stenosis.Clinical Relevance: This study provides a comparison of the efficacy of open decompression and full endoscopic decompression in degenerative lumbar canal stenosis.
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