Objective:to evaluate the therapeutic effect of music on anxiety and vital parameters in patients with chronic kidney disease when compared to patients receiving conventional care in hemodialysis clinics. Method:randomized clinical trial conducted in three renal replacement therapy clinics. Sixty people with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis were randomly allocated to an experimental group and a control group, 30 persons per group). State anxiety was evaluated in both groups by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. A t-test was used to verify the effect of the experimental manipulation on the variables. Results:we found a statistically significant difference between the groups regarding the degree of anxiety experienced during hemodialysis sessions. The experimental group presented a statistically significant reduction of anxiety scores (p = 0.03), systolic blood pressure (p < 0.002), diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.002), heart rate (p < 0.01) and respiratory rate (p < 0.006) after listening to music. Conclusion:music represents a potential resource for nursing intervention to reduce state anxiety during hemodialysis sessions. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: .
Objective: to analyze the factors related to the impaired comfort of chronic kidney diseases (CKD) patients on hemodialysis. Method: this is a cross-sectional study with 80 patients undergoing hemodialysis in a renal replacement therapy unit through interviews using two instruments, one for clinical and sociodemographic characteristics and the General Comfort Questionnaire, during the hemodialysis session. Mann-Whitney tests and the logistic regression model were used for data analysis. Results: the study found that being younger (p=0.045); being married (p=0.05); and absence of impaired physical mobility (p=0.007) were contributing factors for greater comfort in CKD patients on hemodialysis. Thus, when establishing the odds ratio, it was possible to observe that being 55 years of age or older, being single and having impaired physical mobility represents a 45.7% chance of developing this diagnosis. Conclusions: sociodemographic and clinical variables contribute to the study outcome, demanding attention during the planning of nursing interventions. RESUMOObjetivo: analisar os fatores relacionados ao conforto prejudicado do paciente renal crônico hemodialítico. Método: estudo transversal com 80 pacientes sob tratamento hemodialítico em unidade de terapia renal substitutiva por meio de entrevista com aplicação de dois instrumentos, características sociodemográficas clínicas de saúde e Escala de Conforto Geral, durante sessão de hemodiálise. Utilizou-se os testes de Mann-Whitney e modelo de regressão logística para análise dos dados. Resultados: observou-se que ser mais jovem (p=0,045); estar casado (p=0,05); e ausência de mobilidade física prejudicada (p=0,007) foram fatores contribuintes para maior conforto nos pacientes renais crônicos hemodialíticos. Nesse sentido, ao estabelecer a odds ratio, foi possível observar que ter idade maior ou igual a 55 anos, estar solteiro e apresentar mobilidade física prejudicada representa 45,7% de chance de desenvolver esse diagnóstico. Conclusões: variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas contribuem para o desfecho em estudo, requerendo atenção diante do planejamento das intervenções de enfermagem. Descritores: Conforto do Paciente; Diagnóstico de Enfermagem; Nefropatias; Diálise Renal; Fatores de Risco. RESUMENObjetivo: valorar los factores relacionados con la comodidad perjudicada del paciente renal crónico hemodialítico. Método: estudio transversal en el cual se entrevistaron 80 pacientes bajo tratamiento hemodialítico en una unidad de terapia renal sustitutiva, siendo aplicados dos instrumentos, las características sociodemográficas clínicas de salud y la Escala Comfort General, durante la sesión de hemodiálisis. Se utilizaron el test de Mann-Whitney y el modelo de regresión logística en el análisis de datos. Resultados: se observó que los factores que contribuyeron a una mayor sensación de comodidad en los pacientes renales crónicos hemodialíticos fueron: ser más joven (p=0,045); estar casado (p=0,05); y no tener la movilidad física perjudicada (p=0,007). En este sentido, al ...
Objective: Evaluating the effectiveness of a musical intervention in reducing anxiety and vital parameters in people suffering from head and neck cancer. Method: A randomized controlled clinical trial, performed in a head and neck outpatient clinic with 40 participants, subdivided into two groups (intervention and control). The classical music "Spring" from The Four Seasons by Vivaldi was used as an intervention. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used as the data collection instrument, along with an inventory of socio-demographic and clinical data. Student's t-test was used to verify intragroup and intergroup statistical significance. Results: Participants presented a statistically significant reduction in levels of perceived anxiety (t = 12.68; p<0.001), as well as blood pressure levels (t = 4.56; p<0.001); pulse (t = 6.15; p<0.001) and respiratory rate (t = 5.10; p<0.001). Conclusion: Music has proven to be an effective non-pharmacological therapeutic resource in managing anxiety in an outpatient setting for people with cancer, as well as in reducing blood pressure, pulse and respiratory rate. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-7W4YJJ. descriPtOrs Music Therapy; Anxiety; Head and Neck Neoplasms; Humanization of Assistance; Oncology Nursing. Control of anxiety through music in a head and neck outpatient clinic: a randomized clinical trialUso da música no controle da ansiedade em ambulatório de cabeça e pescoço: ensaio clínico randomizado Uso de música en el control de la ansiedad en clínicas externas de cabeza y cuello: ensayo clínico aleatorizado
Objective:to make the cultural adaptation and evaluate the reliability of the Brazilian version of the General Comfort Questionnaire for chronic hemodialytic renal patients. Method:methodological study with the following steps: translation; consensus among judges; back-translation; validation of equivalence (semantic, idiomatic, experimental and conceptual) by 12 judges; and pre-test with 80 chronic renal patients on hemodialysis. Reliability was checked through measures of internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha). Results:the overall consensus of the instrument had 94.3% of equivalence. Twenty-one items of the instrument were modified. Of these, only two needed semantic and idiomatic changes. The other 19 underwent few modifications, such as reversing words in the sentence and replacing some corresponding synonym terms. The Cronbach’s alpha was 0.80, indicating optimal internal consistency. In the application, the total score ranged from 116 to 172 points (M = 151.66; SD = ± 12.60). Conclusion:the validation of the Portuguese version of the instrument represents one additional resource to be made available to nephrologist nurses; it will aid in directing the decision-making so that the nursing interventions be performed according to the level of comfort and domain, either physical, socio-cultural, environmental or psycho-spiritual. The tool was named in Portuguese: General Comfort Questionnaire - Brazilian version.
RESUMO: Objetivou-se avaliar as conformidades e não conformidades no preparo e administração de antibacterianos. Estudo observacional e transversal, realizado de agosto a dezembro de 2014 em unidades de clínica médica de um hospital-escola em Fortaleza-Ceará. A amostra foi composta por 265 doses de antibacterianos, que tiveram suas etapas de preparo e administração observadas com dois checklist nos três turnos de trabalho. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva e analítica, e todos os procedimentos éticos foram seguidos. Destaca-se que a não conformidade mais frequente em ambas as etapas foi o cumprimento dos preceitos da semiotécnica 265 (100%). A organização foi associada com o erro na escolha do medicamento (p=0,027), e o uso da prescrição e confirmação do nome do paciente não tiveram relação com os erros (p=0,942). Assim, conclui-se que modificações comportamentais no processo de trabalho precisam ser implementadas para reduzir as não conformidades e consequentemente os erros de medicação. DESCRITORES: Antibióticos; Segurança do paciente; Erros de medicação; Enfermagem; Serviços de enfermagem. CONFORMIDADES E NÃO CONFORMIDADES COMPLIANCE AND NON-COMPLIANCE IN THE PREPARATION AND ADMINISTRATION OF ANTIBACTERIAL DRUGSABSTRACT: The present study aimed to assess compliance and non-compliance in the preparation and administration of antibacterial drugs. Observational and cross-sectional study conducted from August to December 2014 in medical wards of a teaching hospital in Fortaleza-Ceará. The sample was composed by 265 doses of antibacterial drugs whose preparation and administration stages were observed during the three work shifts, with two checklists. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and all ethical procedures were fulfilled. The most frequent non-compliance observed in both stages was compliance withthe requirements of the several techniques performed by nursing professionals (semiotechnique), 265 (100%). The hospital organization was associated with error in the choice of the (p=0.027), and the use of prescription and confirmation of patient's identity were not related to the errors (p=0.942). Thus, it is concluded that behavioral changes in the work process should be implemented to reduce non-compliance and, consequently, medication errors. CUMPLIMIENTO Y INCUMPLIMIENTO EN EL PREPARO Y ADMINISTRACCIÓN DE ANTIBACTERIANOS:IMPLICACIONES PARA LA SEGURIDAD DEL PACIENTE RESUMEN: El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el cumplimiento y el incumplimiento en la preparación y administración de fármacos antibacterianos. Estudio observacional y transversal realizado entre agosto y diciembre de 2014 en las alas médicas de un hospital universitario en Fortaleza-Ceará. La muestra fue compuesta por 265 dosis de fármacos antibacterianos cuya etapas del preparación y administración fueron observados durante los tres turnos de trabajo, con dos listas de comprobación. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando estadística descriptiva, y se cumplieron todos los procedimientos éticos. El incu...
Objective: to verify the effectiveness of telenursing in the control of nausea and vomiting induced by antineoplastic chemotherapy. Method: a randomized controlled trial of 61 cancer patients undergoing outpatient chemotherapy treatment, randomized into experimental group and control group. Nausea and vomiting were evaluated by the instrument Multinational Association on Supportive Care in Cancer. The telephone intervention was performed four times after chemotherapy. To verify the effects of this on the variables, the Mann-Whitney test and Student's t-test were used. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was applied to confirm the hypothesis of differences in the pre- and post-test intragroup scores. Results: the groups were homogeneous regarding sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. The experimental group showed a statistically significant reduction in the occurrence of nausea (p=0.0089), in the degree of nausea, in two moments, between 24 hours and three days, and three days and five days (p=0.007 and p=0.009, respectively), in the occurrence of vomiting (p=0.008) and in the number of vomiting episodes (p=0.020). Conclusion: telephone intervention is a potential nursing intervention to reduce nausea and vomiting associated with antineoplastic chemotherapy. Brazilian Clinical Trial Registry: RBR-6s8qm5.
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of an educational hypermedia in the knowledge of Nursing academics on peripheral venipuncture. Method: Quasi-experimental study with pre and post-test design. Results: The mean number of right answers of the 73 individuals who participated in the study, in the pre-test, was 7.7 (DP = 1.05), and 8.3 in the post-test (DP = 0.74). The comparation of pre and post hypermedia mean number of right answers showed significant difference (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Hypermedia is a strategy that increases knowledge and is feasible in the teaching-learning process, being useful as a support tool for teachers and for the development of undergraduate Nursing students.
The characteristics, "Expresses desire to enhance congruency of expectations with desires" and "Expresses desire to enhance problem solving to meet goals" had good accuracy measures.
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