BackgroundHyaluronic acid (HA)-based devices are among the most popular filler agents for skin rejuvenation. One of the principal goals is the improvement in residence time of HA-based products, to increase their performance and reduce frequency of the treatment. So, understanding fillers, behavior after subcutaneous injection is a fundamental aspect for discovery and optimization of new products. Current in vivo approaches to detect/quantify injected HA fillers are not always well optimized or easy to apply.ObjectiveTo develop more efficacious and noninvasive diagnostic tools to make a quantitative evaluation of the degradation of fillers in a small animal model.Materials and methodsWe evaluated the residence time of different HA-based fillers, fluorescein-labeled and not, injected subcutaneously in mice. Volumes of fillers were monitored through high-frequency ultrasound (HF-US) method while fluorescence intensity through the well-established fluorescence living imaging method. To confirm the effectiveness of HF-US, obtained volumetric measurements were compared with fluorescence intensity values.ResultsBoth the presented methods revealed the same degradation kinetics for the tested products.ConclusionThe two used methods are fully comparable and quantitatively accurate. The presented approach has been proved to be noninvasive, sensitive, and reproducible.
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