There is currently no tool available to predict extreme large-for-size (LFS) syndrome, a potentially disastrous complication after adult liver transplantation (LT). We aimed to identify the risk factors for extreme LFS and to build a simple predictive model. A cohort of consecutive patients who underwent LT with full grafts in a single institution was studied. The extreme LFS was defined by the impossibility to achieve direct fascial closure, even after delayed management, associated with early allograft dysfunction or nonfunction. Computed tomography scan-based measurements of the recipient were done at the lower extremity of the xiphoid. After 424 LTs for 394 patients, extreme LFS occurred in 10 (2.4%) cases. The 90-day mortality after extreme LFS was 40.0% versus 6.5% in other patients (P = 0.003). In the extreme LFS group, the male donor-female recipient combination was more often observed (80.0% versus 17.4%; P < 0.001). The graft weight (GW)/right anteroposterior (RAP) distance ratio was predictive of extreme LFS with the highest area under the curve (area under the curve, 0.95). The optimal cutoff was 100 (sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 88%). The other ratios based on height, weight, body mass index, body surface area, and standard liver volume exhibited lower predictive performance. The final multivariate model included the male donor-female recipient combination and the GW/RAP. When the GW to RAP ratio increases from 80, 100, to 120, the probability of extreme LFS was 2.6%, 9.6%, and 29.1% in the male donor-female recipient combination, and <1%, 1.2%, and 4.5% in other combinations. In conclusion, the GW/RAP ratio predicts extreme LFS and may be helpful to avoid futile refusal for morphological reasons or to anticipate situation at risk, especially in female recipients. Liver Transplantation 23 1294-1304 2017 AASLD.
Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most frequent type of primary liver cancer
and its incidence is increasing around the world in the last decades, making it
the third cause of death by cancer in the world. Hepatic resection is one of the
most effective treatments for HCC with five-year survival rates from 50-70%,
especially for patients with a single nodule and preserved liver function. Some
studies have shown a worse prognosis for HCC patients whose etiology is viral.
That brings us to the question about the existence of a difference between the
various causes of HCC and its prognosis. Aim: To compare the prognosis (overall and disease-free survival at five years) of
patients undergoing hepatectomy for the treatment of HCC with respect to various
causes of liver disease. Method: Was performed a review of medical records of patients undergoing hepatectomy
between 2000 and 2014 for the treatment of HCC. They were divided into groups
according to the cause of liver disease, followed by overall and disease-free
survival analysis for comparison. Results:There was no statistically significant difference in the outcomes of the groups of
patients divided according to the etiology of HCC. Overall and disease-free
survival at five years of the patients in this sample were 49.9% and 40.7%,
respectively. Conclusion: From the data of this sample, was verified that there was no prognostic
differences among the groups of HCC patients of the various etiologies.
- Resection, for selected cases, is a potentially curative treatment with acceptable morbidity and mortality and, in a context of a long waiting list for transplant, plays an important role for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.
scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.