In order to extend fuel cell lifespan and improve fuel economy of electrical hybrid vehicle with fuel cell/battery/ultracapacitor (FCHEV), a frequency decoupling-based energy management strategy (EMS) for FCHEV using fuzzy control method is proposed. In detail, firstly, according to different characteristics of energy sources, required power of FCHEV is decomposed into three frequency ranges based on Harr wavelet transform and an adaptive-fuzzy filter. Secondly, based on the proposed frequency decoupling, the obtained three frequency required power is supplied by fuel cell-battery and ultracapacitor, respectively, which can guarantee power performance of vehicle and reduce pressure and power fluctuation on fuel cell and battery. Thirdly, for improving fuel economy, one fuzzy controller is proposed to split the power between fuel cell and battery. Finally, the proposed strategy in this paper is verified by advisor-simulink and experimental bench. Simulation and experimental results show that the proposed EMS can effectively reduce impact of power fluctuations on fuel cell, extend its lifespan and reduce fuel consumption on 7.94% compared to equivalent consumption minimization strategy.INDEX TERMS Fuel cell electric vehicle, energy management strategy, fuzzy control, frequency decoupling, fuel economy.
In this paper, nonlinear control design scheme for a class of nonlinear systems is proposed based on operator coprime factorization theory. In detail, two stable controllers are provided to design a Bezout identity by combining left factorization (not coprime) with right factorization. Based on the proposed design method, a realization approach to left coprime factorization for the nonlinear system is obtained, which provides an effective framework for constructing left coprime factorization. Meanwhile, internal‐output stability of the nonlinear system is guaranteed. After that, based on the obtained left coprime factorization, the cases of the nonlinear systems with perturbations are discussed for guaranteeing robust stability for the perturbed systems. For the perturbations, two different cases, known bounded perturbations and unknown bounded perturbations, are investigated from different viewpoints to analyze robust stability issue for the perturbed systems. Finally, a simulation example is given to confirm the effectiveness of the proposed design method.
In this paper, in order to extend battery lifespan and lift power performance in hybrid batteries/supercapacitors electrical vehicles, a new energy management strategy is proposed based on model prediction control and adaptive method. Firstly, models of batteries and supercapacitors are built, which are then adapted and simplified to develop state space expression. Secondly, a series of reference values of battery power and supercapacitor state of charge for model prediction methods are properly calculated by the adaptive method. Thereafter, an energy management strategy based on the model prediction control method is designed to allocate the output power of batteries and supercapacitors within constraints, which guarantees batteries lifespan and the power performance of vehicle. Finally, simulation and experiment results are provided to evaluate battery lifespan and power performance of vehicles under HWFET and UDDS road conditions. The results obtained show that the proposed strategy, compared with the former methods, reduce average power and power variation of batteries, and effectively utilize supercapacitors depending on the power demand, which can extend battery lifespan and lift the power performance of vehicle.
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