Of all ingested foreign bodies, 2.4% comprise of sewing needles. Through perforation of gastrointestinal tract, which occurs in 1% of cases, they can migrate into the liver and pancreas. Foreign bodies in pancreas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of chronic abdominal pain. Computed tomography scans provide valuable information for the localization of the lesion, which guide the surgeon during the operation. Secondary to foreign bodies that migrate to the pancreas, complications with high mortality such as pancreatitis, pseudoaneurysm, and pancreas abscess can be seen. Thus, for this patient group, diagnostic laparoscopy is recommended, considering its advantages of decreased postoperative pain, decreased wound infection, and faster recovery time. Here we present a case of a 23-year-old female patient, from whom an ingested needle that migrated from the back wall of the stomach to the pancreas was extracted by laparoscopic surgery.
Keywords: Sewing needle, pancreas, laparoscopy
INTRODUCTIONOut of all the ingested foreign bodies, 43.7% are organic, 56.3% are inorganic, and 2.4% are sewing needles. Most of the ingested foreign bodies are excreted spontaneously (1). These foreign bodies may reach pancreas and liver in 1% of patients, through penetration of small intestine or stomach wall (1, 2). Foreign bodies in pancreas might cause serious complications such as pancreatitis, pancreatic abscess, and pseudoaneurysm. These should be removed either endoscopically or surgically (1, 3, 4). In few cases, foreign bodies can also be removed using open surgical techniques (2, 5). However, the suggested technique is the laparoscopic approach before open surgery (3, 6, 7). Here we report the case of a 23-year-old female patient, who presented with epigastric pain and a sewing needle was removed laparoscopically from her pancreas parenchyma.
CASE PRESENTATIONA 23-year-old female patient presented with epigastric pain and retrosternal burns that continued intermittently for seven years. She had used proton pump inhibitors (PPI) and as her symptoms did not resolve, she presented to the hospital. In her physical examination, there was minimal tenderness and discomfort in the epigastric area without rebound sign or defense. Laboratory blood tests including her hemogram, biochemical markers, liver function tests, kidney function tests, and amylase levels were within normal limits. Her standing abdominal x-ray was also normal ( Figure 1a). During gastroscopy, no sign of any pathology related to a foreign body was observed. We performed a barium follow-through x-ray with an initial diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease, and in this test, we observed a foreign body in the epigastric area (Figure 1b). When patient's medical history was questioned again, it was found that she had accidentally swallowed a sewing needle seven years ago. She underwent computed tomography screening and we saw that a foreign body was present starting from the posterior side of the stomach reaching head and body of the pancreas. (Fig...