A Flexible Representation of Quantum Images (FRQI) is proposed to provide a representation for images on quantum computers in the form of a normalized state which captures information about colors and their corresponding positions in the images. A constructive polynomial preparation for the FRQI state from an initial state, an algorithm for quantum image compression (QIC), and processing operations for quantum images are combined to build the whole process for quantum image processing on FRQI. The simulation experiments on FRQI include storing, retrieving of images and a detection of a line in binary images by applying quantum Fourier transform as a processing operation. The compression ratios of QIC between groups of same color positions range from 68.75 to 90.63% on single digit images and 6.67-31.62% on the Lena image. The FRQI provides a foundation not only to express images but also to explore theoretical and practical aspects of image processing on quantum computers.
Adopting a generalization of the DiVincenzo criteria for the physical realization of quantum devices, a standalone component each, is proposed to prepare, manipulate, and measure the various content required to represent and produce movies on quantum computers. The quantum CD encodes, prepares, and initializes the broad content or key frames conveying the movie script. The quantum player uses the simple motion operations to manipulate the contents of the key frames in order to interpolate the missing viewing frames required to effectively depict the shots and scenes of the movie. The movie reader combines the projective measurement technique and the ancilla-driven quantum computation to retrieve the classical movie sequence comprising of both the key and viewing frames for each shot. At appropriate frame transition rates, this sequence creates the impression of continuity in order to depict the various movements and actions in the movie. Two well-thought-out examples demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed framework. Concatenated, these components together facilitate the proposed framework for quantum movie representation and production, thus, opening the door towards manipulating quantum circuits aimed at applications for information representation and processing.
a b s t r a c tThree design strategies for constructing new geometric transformations on quantum images from other transformations are proposed. The strategies focus on the affected areas in the images, the separability, and smoothness of the transformations by exploiting a representation of images on quantum computers extensively. The complexity in terms of the number of basic gates and the depth of the corresponding circuits are analyzed to understand the advantages and disadvantages of each strategy. Examples to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed strategies are presented. The strategies provide high level tools to explore and analyze transformations which are necessary to build practical image processing applications on quantum computers.
RGB multi channel representation is proposed for images on quantum computers (MCQI) that captures information about colors (RGB channels) and their corresponding positions in an image in a normalized quantum state. The proposed representation makes it possible to store the RGB information about an image simultaneously by using 2n+3 qubits for encoding 2n× 2npixel images, whereas pixel-wise processing is necessary in many other quantum image representations, e.g., qubit lattice, grid qubit, and quantum lattice. Simulation of storage and retrieval of MCQI images using human facial images demonstrated that 15 qubits are required for encoding 64 × 64 colored images, and encoded information is retrieved by measurement. Perspectives of designing quantum image operators are also discussed based onMCQI representation, e.g., channel of interest, channel swapping, and restrict version of color transformation.
Efficient transformations on the color content of images using single qubit operations are proposed based on the Flexible Representation of Quantum Images (FRQI). Utilizing the single qubit dedicated for encoding color information in the FRQI representation, the proposed operations offer massive speed-up in terms of changes in the color information in comparison with classical ones. Simulations of the FRQI images and circuits of these transformations using synthetic and Lena images on classical computers demonstrate the feasibility of the proposal. Together with position related operations, the color transformations could provide the foundation to achieve practical applications which are inefficient at present.
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