Brain trauma causes the onset of an inflammatory process within the dural border cell layer; high levels of inflammatory cytokines were significantly correlated with recurrence and layering CSDH. A prolonged postoperative antiinflammatory medicine given as prophylaxis may help prevent the recurrence of a CSDH.
There are conflicting reports regarding gliosarcomas. The goal of this study is to examine clinical, radiological, surgical and therapeutic aspects of 11 patients with gliosarcoma. Between 1993 and 2001, 11 patients with cerebral gliosarcoma were treated at our Institute. Ten patients underwent surgery and one patient had stereotactic biopsy. Four patients received whole brain radiotherapy with (60)Co, five underwent radiotherapy with LINAC extended 2 cm beyond the edema margins. One patient refused any additional treatment after surgery and one patient was not treated postoperatively for poor clinical conditions (KPS 40). Chemotherapy (temozolomide) was administered to four patients. Four patients had a prevalence of sarcomatous component that corresponded to surgical and radiological aspects similar to meningioma while six patients showed a prevalence of gliomatous component and radiological and surgical aspects similar to those of glioblastomas. Surgical resection was total in six and subtotal in four patients. Patients with prevalent sarcomatous component showed median survival time more prolonged than patients with prevalent gliomatous component (71 +/- 6 weeks vs. 63 +/- 6; P=0.0417). Moreover, the survival rate differed in relation to the therapy: patients treated with multimodality therapy (surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy) had a longer survival time than patients treated in single or bimodality. Despite prognosis of gliosarcomas remains poor, a multidisciplinary approach (surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy) seems to be associated with slight more prolonged survival times.
Multicentric gliomas are interesting and well-recognised entities with a yet unknown rate of occurrence. Single cases or small series are reported in the literature accessible to us, and we think this is the first large series describing true multicentric gliomas. We reviewed 25 patients selected according to the criteria defined by Batzdorf and Malamud. Multicentricity was found in 2% of patients with malignant gliomas. Longer survival was observed in patients who underwent surgical excision of the multicentric lesions. Multicentric tumours are rare clinical entities. Our data suggest that they should be surgically removed whenever possible, and histopathologic examination of the lesions is always advisable if they are located in sites inaccessible to surgery. Stereotactic biopsy represents a safe and satisfactory method for achieving sure diagnosis.
Metastasis from extracranial tumor into an intracranial primary tumor is an uncommon event. A predominant tendency of meningioma to be the host tumor for breast carcinoma has been found. In the current report, three cases of breast carcinoma metastatic to intracranial meningiomas are described. In our cases, metastasis in meningioma was the first clinical manifestation of the occult primitive breast carcinoma. We review widely the literature concerning such rare occurrences and discuss all the postulated pathogenetic mechanisms. There are few cases reported in the literature on resonance magnetic imaging of metastatic carcinoma in meningioma. Two of our patients have been studied by MRI, but we do not find predictive radiological finding of this particular association.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of childhood acute epidural hematoma and to report our experience in recent years. A series of 35 patients below the age of 15 years treated for acute epidural hematoma at our institution between June 1991 and December 2000 was analyzed in detail. Pediatric epidural hematoma presents both age-related and atypical features when compared with epidural hematoma in adults. In selected cases, prompt surgical evacuation of the hematoma results in an excellent outcome. Outcomes seem to be directly related to the patient's preoperative neurologic status and the presence of associated intracranial lesions.
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