Leguminosae includes six subfamilies, where the traditionally recognised subfamily Mimosoideae was accepted as a distinct clade included within the recircumscribed subfamily Caesalpinioideae, called informally as Mimosoid clade. The representatives of the tribes Acacieae and Ingeae can be differentiated principally in terms of the patterns of their stamens, being free in Acacieae and monadelphous in Ingeae. The floristic survey of Acacieae and Ingeae in the Environmental Protection Area Serra Branca included analysis of specimens collected from June 2011 to September 2012. The analyses were supplemented with dried collections from the following herbaria: ALCB, HRB and HUEFS. Ten species were cataloged, distributed among four genera of Ingeae: Calliandra Benth. (1 sp.), Chloroleucon (Benth.) Britton & Rose ex Record (1 sp.), Enterolobium Mart. (1 sp.), Pithecellobium Mart. (1 sp.); and one genus of Acacieae: Senegalia Raf. (6 spp.). The most representative species were Calliandra aeschynomenoides Benth. associated with sandy and stony soils and Chloroleucon foliolosum (Benth.) G.P.Lewis and Senegalia bahiensis (Benth.) Seigler & Ebinger growing on sandy-clay soils. The taxonomic treatment includes a key for the identification, descriptions, illustrations, photos, data of the geographical distribution phenological data and comments about the species.
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