For last 30 years Russian science and education system has been experiencing constant, profound institutional transformation in order to increase the quality of education, it's access ability and with a point to encrease the effectiveness of science. This article is devoted to the attempt to analysis the results of undertaken reforms and evaluating the quality of economic institutions which coordinate the order of market agents of researching field. The analysis of narratives approach was chosen with the intention for estimating the quality of reforms undertaken. Narratives are defined to be stories in direct speech of actors themselves of researching field: professors, students, Master's and graduated students of all forms of education, as soon as scientists and researchers of universities and research institutes and different levels of responsibility and competencies administrators. The "Integrum" database taken as the main source of information for searching for narratives. This informational base consists of 1250 Russian newspapers (federal and regional) and 500 journals which help us to select 250 narratives (stories in direct speech) of people who are directly involved in transformational process of education system and science being studied. The obtained results pointed out the number of stable ineffective rules and practices which have a negative impact on our researching area functioning and also made it possible to classify out a few groups of institutional traps such as: metric's trap, trap of raising level of bureacracy, trap of shortage of finansing, electronization and digitalization trap and trap of staff capacity. Each determined trap reflected in the article is also pointed out and argued with selected narratives.
Objective: to examine the influence of positive and critical narratives in the media, illustrating the problems and strengths of the Russian innovation system development, on the formation of public opinion.Methods: the methodology of narrative analysis of economics and original institutionalism is used in relation to the national innovation system.Results: with the help of narrative analysis, we analyzed 43 media outlets from Internet sources selected in accordance with the Medialogiya rating “Federal Mass Media: 2020” for the period from 01.01.2010 to 01.07.2021. A range of significant issues is highlighted which affect the innovative development, mentioned by media addressees and the Russian innovation system actors (policymakers, business, academic circles). Four types of positive narratives about the Russian innovation system are identified: 1) narratives about significant technological achievements; 2) narratives about the development of innovative infrastructure; 3) narratives that tell about the public recognition of the success of the Russian innovation system actors at professional conferences or by the state; 4) futurological narratives about prospects in the medium or long term.Scientific novelty: consists in the development of the narrative economics approach and the concept of public arenas for the analysis of the Russian innovation system with the help of mass media.Practical significance: the identified positive narratives allow studying the best practices and rules that contribute to the integration of science, government and business into a single innovation system in order to further upscale the positive experience to the entire economy. Positive narratives also contribute to the formation of a favorable innovation space and public opinion in Russia.
The present paper is devoted to the Russian ineffective higher education and science institutions functioning study and analysis. We consider such institutions to be institutional traps, which are identified as sustainable inefficient rules and practices with the negative impact for education and science sphere reforms and transformations. The lack of the methodology base for regular institutional monitoring is one of the reasonable issues to institutional traps study. Such institutional monitoring should consist of qualitative and quantitative studies to find out the higher education and science sphere representatives points of view on the reforms results. To find out the solution and to improve the research methodology we used in-depth interview surveys and focus group discussions with lecturers and scientists of the Southern Federal University. This methodology let us to improve the institutional traps study and to design the way to come over the difficulties and barriers considering the ideas and experience of the sphere representatives. The responders involved in the present research were suggested by the six following institutional traps to discuss: the metric's trap, the trap of raising level of bureaucracy, the trap of shortage of financing, the quality of education decline trap, the trap of staff capacity and the electronization and digitalization trap.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.