Traumatic, neoplastic, inflammatory, or infective dental removal promotes a gradual resorption process of bone which leads to a “nonuse” atrophy of the alveolar ridges. Many techniques allows restoring an appropriate bone thickness, but nowadays the attention is focused on the use of natural or synthetic grafts. Numerous studies have been conducted to develop and test new synthetic materials. In this article, the authors report their experience using a synthetic bone substitute in combination with Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF). This technique was applied in different zones of the maxillomandibular district. The procedure showed a very satisfying bone regeneration without important complications.
As part of the trauma of the upper third of the massive face, the fronto-orbito-zygomatic arch is the most frequent and is often associated with eyelid involvement. From 2001 to 2008, 135 patients with fronto-orbital eyelid complex alterations occurred at our center; the patients were included in clinical follow-ups until 2010. Most patients (80%) came to our observation in a state of emergency due to automobile accidents, sports injuries, or assaults, whereas a smaller proportion (20%) was because of previous trauma or surgery. Among the urgent patients, 28 patients present bone lesions without soft-tissue involvement, 62 present bone lesions with soft-tissue involvement, and 16 present only soft-tissue lesions. Among the patients who came as outcomes, in 16 patients, a bone review was necessary; in 15 patients, only soft-tissue review was necessary; and 8 patients needed only scar outcome review. Soft-tissue treatment was more difficult, especially the eyelid. The eyelid must be treated as soon as possible to avoid corneal lesions and major complications like total vision lost. The surgical design must satisfy even the aesthetic profile to guarantee functional success and aesthetic too.
Fibrous dysplasia is a benign tumor of the skeleton. Mostly 2 forms are described: a monostotic and a poliostotic form. The maxilla and the mandible are the most interested of the facial district. The authors report a patient of a huge maxillary fibrous dysplasia. A 63-year-old patient was treated for a 20-year progressive left maxillary neoformation. A total maxillectomy was performed. The defect was reconstructed with a custom-made midface implant associated with a temporal and a pericranial flap.
Background: To date, there are no studies reported in the literature on the possible use of bovine collagen, oxidized regenerated cellulose, or synthetic hyaluronic acid medications in the oral cavity. The aim of this paper is to report the use of bovine collagen, oxidized regenerated cellulose, and synthetic hyaluronic acid medications to improve wound healing in the oral cavity by stimulating granulomatous tissue. Methods: From 2007 to 2011, 80 patients (median age 67 years) suffering from oral mucosal lesions participated in this double-blind study. The patients were divided into two groups, each consisting of 40 patients. One group received conventional medications, while the other group of patients were treated with the advanced medications. Results: Advanced medications allowed re-epithelialization of the wound margin in 2-20 days, whereas patients receiving conventional medication showed a median healing duration of 45 days.
Conclusion:The results of this study demonstrate that treating oral mucosal wounds with advanced medication has an advantage with regard to wound healing time, allowing patients to have a rapid, functional, and esthetic recovery.
A 67-year-old patient with a casual diagnosis of a foreign body within the frontal sinus outreaching the frontal cerebral parenchyma was treated. Results of anamnestic examination revealed that the patient underwent rhinoplasty with condrocostal implant of the nasal dorsum fixed to the anterior wall of the frontal sinus using a Kirschner wire 2 years ago. A combined transnasal endoscopic and transcranic approach was performed to remove the foreign body.
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