Stem solidness is an important agronomic trait for increasing the ability of wheat to resist lodging. In this study, four new synthetic hexaploid wheat with solid stems were developed from natural chromosome doubling of F1 hybrids between a solid-stemmed durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum, 2n = 4x = 28, AABB) and four Aegilops tauschii (2n = 2x = 14, DD) accessions. The solid expression of the second internode at the base of the stem was stable for two synthetic hexalpoid wheat Syn-SAU-117 and Syn-SAU-119 grown in both the greenhouse and field. The lodging resistance of four synthetic solid-stem wheats is stronger than that of CS, and Syn-SAU-116 has the strongest lodging resistance, followed by Syn-SAU-119. The paraffin sections of the second internode showed that four synthetic wheat lines had large outer diameters, well-developed mechanical tissues, large number of vascular bundles, and similar anatomical characteristics with solid-stemmed durum wheat. The chromosomal composition of four synthetic hexaploid wheat was identified by FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization) using Oligo-pSc119.2-1 and Oligo-pTa535-1. At adult stage, all four synthetic hexaploid wheat showed high resistance to mixed physiological races of stripe rust pathogen (CYR31, CYR32, CYR33, CYR34). These synthetic hexaploid wheat lines provide new materials for the improvement of common wheat.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers