Lavandula dentata, popularly known as lavender, is commonly used in traditional medicine for the treatment of digestive and inflammatory disorders. The objective of this study was to analyzed the chemical oil composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil and anatomical markers of the leaf and stem of L. dentata cultivated in South Brazil. Essential oil showed an antioxidant activity similar to rutin and gallic acid when analyzed by phosphomolybdenum method. However, by the free radical DPPH and ABTS methods, it showed a slight potential antioxidant. Essential oil presented 1,8-cineol (63%) as major component, antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria strains and Candida albicans, by broth microdilution. The anatomical profile provided the following main microscopic markers: hypostomatic leaves; diacytic stomata, thin and striate cuticle; multicellular and branched non-glandular trichomes; capitate glandular trichomes; peltate glandular trichomes; dorsiventral mesophyll; flat-convex shape midrib, truncated on the abaxial side; one collateral vascular bundle in the midrib; square stem shape, angular collenchyma alternated with cortical parenchyma; sclerenchymatic fibers well-developed on the four edges.
Melipona marginata is an endangered species of stingless bee from Brazil that produces honey with particular physicochemical features and a remarkable exotic flavor. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report devoted to exploring the medicinal potential of this honey. Thus, the aim of this paper was to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory activity of honey extract from M. marginata on skin inflammation. The honey sample was classified as a monofloral honey of Mimosa scabrella. The presence of 11 phenolic compounds as kaempferol and caffeic acid was detected using the high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-UV-ESI-MS) method. The anti-inflammatory activity was measured using a 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced ear edema model of inflammation in mice. The topical application of the M. marginata honey extract (1.0 mg/ear) was able to reduce ear edema with an inhibitory effect of 54 ± 5%. This extract decreased the myeloperoxidase activity in 75 ± 3%, which suggests a lower leucocyte infiltration that was confirmed by histological analysis. This extract also provided a reduction of 55 ± 14% in the production of reactive oxygen species. This anti-inflammatory activity could be due to a synergic effect of the phenolic compounds identified in the honey sample. Taken together, these results open up new possibilities for the use of M. marginata honey extract in skin disorders.
This article aimed to improve the relative solubility and dissolution rate of ferulic acid (FA) by the use of spray-dried solid dispersions (SDs) in order to ensure its in vitro antioxidant potential and to enhance its in vivo anti-platelet effect. These SDs were prepared by spray-drying at 10 and 20% of drug concentration using polyvinylpyrrolidone K30 (PVP-K30), polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG 6000) and poloxamer-188 (PLX-188) as carriers. SDs and physical mixtures (PM) were characterized by SEM, XRPD, FTIR spectroscopy and TGA analysis. Spray-dried SDs containing FA were successfully obtained. Relative solubility of FA was improved with increasing carrier concentration. PVP-K30 and PEG 6000 formulations showed suitable drug content values close to 100%, whereas PLX-188 presented mean values between 70 and 90%. Agglomerates were observed depending on the carrier used. XRPD patterns and thermograms indicated that spray-drying led to drug amorphization and provided appropriate thermal stability, respectively. FTIR spectra demonstrated no remarkable interaction between carrier and drug for PEG 6000 and PLX-188 SDs. PVP-K30 formulations had changes in FTIR spectra, which denoted intermolecular O-H•••O = C bonds. Spray-dried SDs played an important role in enhancing dissolution rate of FA when compared to pure drug. The free radical-scavenging assay confirmed that the antioxidant activity of PEG 6000 10% SDs was kept. This formulation also provided a statistically increased in vivo anti-platelet effect compared to pure drug. In summary, these formulations enhanced relative solubility and dissolution rate of FA and chosen formulation demonstrated suitable in vitro antioxidant activity and improved in vivo anti-platelet effect.
Atualmente a obesidade é tratada como um problema de saúde pública que pode levar a uma série de outras patologias. Ela vem sendo objeto de estudo no mundo todo, e várias causas podem ser consideradas, como alimentação rica em gorduras, inatividade física, alterações endócrinas, causas genéticas e patologias secundárias. Neste contexto vários produtos são lançados no mercado com o objetivo de combater a obesidade, quando são inseridos profissionais da saúde para realizar o acompanhamento dos tratamentos, dentre eles o farmacêutico, que possui papel fundamental nas farmacoterapias realizadas por pacientes obesos, uma vez que os tratamentos podem alterar outras funções fisiológicas.
O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a atividade antibacteriana e antifúngica de méis in natura, elaborados por abelhas nativas sem ferrão e de extratos fenólicos (EFM) obtidos a partir dessas amostras. A atividade antimicrobiana de 21 amostras de mel, coletadas no Estado do Paraná (Brasil), foi avaliada pelo método de microdiluição em caldo, determinando-se a concentração inibitória mínima (MIC) contra as cepas de Escherichia coli ATCC 10530, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 e Candida albicans ATCC 10231. As amostras de mel apresentaram maior atividade antimicrobiana para as bactérias E. coli (MIC 90 ≥3,12%) e S. aureus (MIC 90 ≥1,56%) em comparação aos valores obtidos para a levedura C. albicans (MIC 90 ≥12,5%). Os EFM revelaram menor atividade antimicrobiana em relação aos méis in natura, pois apenas nove amostras de EFM inibiram o crescimento de S. aureus em 10 mg.mL -1 . Tais resultados permitem inferir que o mel de abelhas sem ferrão constitui alimento com propriedades funcionais e que apresenta potencial terapêutico contra infecções.
PALAVRAS-CHAVE: ABELHA SEM FERRÃO; MEL; EXTRATO FENÓLICO; INFECÇÃO; MICRODILUIÇÃO EM CALDO.
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