How to visualize recorded production data in Virtual Reality? How to use state of the art Augmented Reality displays that can show robot data? This paper introduces an opensource ICT framework approach for combining Unity-based Mixed Reality applications with robotic production equipment using ROS Industrial. This publication gives details on the implementation and demonstrates the use as a data analysis tool in the context of scientific exchange within the area of Mixed Reality enabled human-robot co-production.
This paper proposes to use Virtual Reality scenarios to explore the reaction of stakeholders within an innovation process in the context of the introduction of robots working in close collaboration with users. The goal is to design the system upfront in such a way, that it is not perceived as a threat to the worker or his/her job. Within the responsible research and innovation approach, the introduction of new technology needs to be accompanied by a careful investigation of the thoughts and feelings of all stakeholders. Especially workers who are currently not working with robots but their workspace is currently undergoing an Industry 4.0 driven transformation, experience fear, that this new technology will make their jobs redundant. On the other hand, it can be observed, that successful robot interaction processes, on the one hand, increase the overall productivity, but also can enhance human well-being. The feeling of "teamwork" with the artificial intelligence entity can develop to be equally positive and motivating. To be able to design future workspaces which will result in a "teamwork" perception instead of the "fear" perception, the use of VR can be applied.
How is human-robot interaction considered within the development of new robotic systems by practitioners? This study sets out to inquire, whether the development teams of robotic products have been considering human factor methods in their design and implementation process. We were specifically interested in the nonverbal communication methods they were aiming to implement, and how they have approached the design process for these. Although valuable insights on tasks and communication needs during the different phases of robot operation could be gathered, the results of this study indicate, that the perspective of the human user or bystander is very often neglected and that knowledge on methods for engineering human-robot interaction is missing. The study was conducted with eleven development teams consisting of robot manufacturers and students within a robot building course representing overall 68 individual participants.
CCS CONCEPTS• Human-centered computing → Interaction design process and methods; • Social and professional topics → Systems planning; • Computer systems organization → Robotics.
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