Thirty compounds in the volatile fraction of McIntosh apple juice were isolated and identified. Material for gas chromatography was prepared by concentrating volatiles tenfold in a rising film evaporator and extracting with ethyl chloride. The compounds were identified by comparing retention volumes and infrared spectra with those of known compounds. Volatile components tentatively identified on the basis of their infrared spectra and retention data included 4 aldehydes, 1 ketone, 11 alcohols, 10 esters, and 4 fatty acids. In addition, 7 peaks were found but not identified. A variety of column packings and operating conditions were necessary to obtain reasonable separation of the components isolated.
This paper describes the separation and partial identification of 10 volatile fatty acids present in apple wine. The acidic fraction was prepared by “stripping” the wine in a rising film evaporator and separating the volatile acids from the strippings by appropriate pH adjustment, steam distillation and extraction. When the volatile acids of apple wine were examined by gas chromatography, using Ucon 50‐HB‐2000 and Uconnonpolar, ten distinct peaks were revealed. In addition the volatile acids were methylated with diazomethane, and the composition of the methyl ester fractions was studied by gas chromatography using diethylene glycol succinate and Carbowax‐400.
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