Flow control in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) encounters more challenges than flow control in conventional wired networks, such as channel bandwidth variation, medium contention, and frequent re-routing. Without proper flow control, serious network performance degradation in MANETs has been reported in recent studies. In this paper, we introduce a distributed bottleneck flow control technique in MANETs. The proposed scheme uses a distributed flow control mechanism that has been used in both bottleneck flow control and bandwidth balancing in Distributed-Queue-Dual-Bus (DQDB) in wired networks. It extends bandwidth balancing to operate in a mobile wireless environment. Extensive simulations demonstrate that our flow control scheme is effective and can provide max-min fairness as well as improve Quality of Service (QoS) for flows in MANETs.
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