This paper focuses on presenting a new identification algorithm to estimate the parameters and state variables for two-input two-output dynamic systems with time delay based on canonical state space models. First, the related input-output equation is determined and transformed into an identification oriented model, which does not involve in the unmeasurable states, and then a residual based least squares identification algorithm is presented for the estimations. After the parameters being estimated, the system states are subsequently estimated by using the estimated parameters. Through theoretical analysis, the convergence of the algorithm is derived to provide assurance for applicability. Finally, a selected simulation example is given for a meaningful case study to show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.
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