The pricing and reimbursement systems in Portugal are quite complex. This is due not only to the general characteristics of the Portuguese NHS but also to the past evolution of these systems. In this article we explain the main features of pharmaceutical policy in Portugal regarding pricing and reimbursement of medicines. Causes of government concern with expenditure and policies aiming at controlling it are pointed out. Policies are described through presentation of the most recent legislation approved on the issues analysed.
Resultados -Dos 90, 73 (81%) eram prematuros, 30 (41%) eram apropriados para a idade gestacional (AIG) e 43 (59%) eram pequenos(PIG). Em 21 (23%) casos havia pH arterial <7,2. Os quadros clínicos mais observados foram: pneumonia em 28 (31%), anemia 24 (26%) e icterícia moderada 12 (5%), entre outros. Ao exame físico observaram-se: sopro sistólico em 46 (50%), ictus propulsivo 18 (20%) e ICC em 8 (9%). No ECG, os sinais mais freqüentes foram alterações de repolarização (ST e T) em 44 (49%). No ecocardiograma, observou-se persistência do canal arterial (PCA) em 20 (22%), regurgitação tricús-pide em 6 (7%), hipertensão pulmonar em 6 (8%), hipocontratilidade de VE e dilatação de VD em 4 (5%.
Microelectronic technologies made possible the implementation of solid state based metering systems. In this paper, an ASIC design that implements all but the analog pari of a watt-hour meter is described. This A -SIC designed with the A P B B I ] technology is intented ter in a hybrid telecounting system or in a fully static watt-hour meter. In the first case, the data received and processed by the A S I C i s the disk t u m count of the F e m r i s power meter, being the transmission from the latter t o the ASIC achieved by optical interconnection. In the second case, a fully static power meter is used, and, data received by fhe A S I C are two 1.2 bit WO& representing the current and the voltage values.to be used in conjunction wit d the Ferraris power me-1
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