Objective: The coronary artery bypass graft surgery is an option of treatment for cardiovascular diseases, and the patients who underwent such procedure can suffer from preoperative anxiety. The aim of this study is to verify the effects of physiotherapeutic instructions at the anxiety level on patients undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery.Methods: Randomized clinical trial, with the sample composed by 51 individuals, 27 on the control group and 24 on the intervention; on which it was assessed the anxiety (Beck Scale for Anxiety) and pain (Visual Analog Scale) levels on the pre-and postoperative period and only the second group received instructions about the surgery procedures and ventilatory exercises. For statistical analysis the Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney and Spearman tests were used.Results: The lower anxiety levels were observed in patients that received the intervention on the period before surgery (9.6 ± 7.2 versus 13.4 ± 5.9, P=0.02). On the control group, the difference among the anxiety levels before and after the surgery was statistically significant (P= 0.003). The female individuals presented more anxious before the surgery compared to the male ones (P=0.058). It was also verified a relationship between lenght of stay at hospital and postoperative anxiety (P=0.05), where the more anxious individuals remained more time at the hospital.Conclusion: Patients oriented and instructed about physiotherapeutic ventilatory exercises and hospital routine, presented their levels of anxiety reduced on the preoperative compared to the control group. However, at the postoperative, both groups presented their anxiety levels reduced without significant difference between them.
Descriptors: Anxiety. Myocardial revascularization. Physical therapy (Specialty).Resumo Introdução: A cirurgia de revascularização é uma opção de tratamento para as doenças cardiovasculares, sendo que os indivíduos a esta submetidos podem sofrer quadros de ansiedade pré-operatória.
Background: Despite the increasingly careful attempts to reduce perioperative risks, pulmonary complications following surgery are still very common, leading to longer length of hospital stays or death.
A maioria dos pacientes portadores de claudicação intermitente, um aspecto clínico da doença arterial periférica, tem importante limitação nas atividades físicas e redução na qualidade de vida. O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre a intervenção através de exercícios em portadores de doença arterial obstrutiva periférica com claudicação intermitente. Trata-se de uma revisão de artigos científicos consultados nos bancos de dados da BIREME, PubMed e SciELO, através das fontes LILACS e MEDLINE e a partir dos descritores em Ciências da Saúde claudicação intermitente, doenças vasculares periféricas, reabilitação, exercício e terapia por exercício. Concluiu-se que, apesar da variabilidade dos regimes de caminhada identificados na literatura, o treino aeróbio, de uma forma geral, proporciona benefícios a pacientes portadores de doença arterial obstrutiva periférica com claudicação intermitente, principalmente na melhora do desempenho de caminhada, o que pode ter impacto significativo na qualidade de vida desses pacientes.
Trata-se de um ensaio clínico randomizado que verificou a associação da força muscular com o risco de quedas de idosos institucionalizados. Os idosos foram divididos em grupo-controle (G1) e grupo-intervenção (G2), e avaliados na linha de base e pós-intervenção. Por meio do Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT), do teste de Força de Preensão Manual (FPM), e do teste de Levantar da Cadeira (LC), observou-se que o programa de exercícios físicos proposto contribuiu na manutenção ou melhora da força muscular dos idosos e, consequentemente, na melhora do risco de quedas.
Introduction: Individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing hemodialysis (HD) present low cardiorespiratory fitness and functional capacity. Metabolic changes, due to the disease, can result in a variety of pathophysiological conditions that favor the development of respiratory muscle weakness. However, very little is known about the performance of the respiratory muscles and the influence of HD on them. Aim: To evaluate and correlate pulmonary function, functional capacity and respiratory muscle strength in patients with CKD undergoing HD. Methods: Cross-sectional study comprising 23 patients with CKD, that met the following inclusion criteria: patients of both genders, who perform HD three times a week for a minimum period of three months. Respiratory muscle strength was evaluated using a respiratory pressure meter, lung function through spirometry and functional capacity through the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) before the HD session. Results: All patients were male and mean age was 50.2 ± 15.8 years. The median duration of HD was 3 (1.5 to 6.0) years. The mean values obtained in comparison to those predicted were MIP% 36.0 ± 13.6, MEP% 49.5 ± 15.8, FVC% 93.8 ± 21.1, FEV1% 93.7 ± 21.1, FVC/VEF1% 104.1 ± 10.3, and 6MWT% 66.33 ± 20.53. A statistically significant positive correlation was observed between the 6MWT and MIP (r = .63, p =.001) and MEP (r = .67, p < .001), between the MIP and MEP (r =.79, p < .001) and between the FEV1 and FVC (r = .91, p < .001). Conclusion: Patients with CKD undergoing HD present changes in respiratory muscle strength, with the predicted values decreasing for age and gender, as well as the distance covered in the 6MWT, although, with normal spirometric values. Functional capacity was dependent on respiratory muscle strength, as well as the values of MIP and MEP, and the values of FVC and FEV1.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.