ObjectiveThe best approach for Helicobacter pylori management remains unclear. An audit process is essential to ensure clinical practice is aligned with best standards of care.DesignInternational multicentre prospective non-interventional registry starting in 2013 aimed to evaluate the decisions and outcomes in H. pylori management by European gastroenterologists. Patients were registered in an e-CRF by AEG-REDCap. Variables included demographics, previous eradication attempts, prescribed treatment, adverse events and outcomes. Data monitoring was performed to ensure data quality. Time-trend and geographical analyses were performed.Results30 394 patients from 27 European countries were evaluated and 21 533 (78%) first-line empirical H. pylori treatments were included for analysis. Pretreatment resistance rates were 23% to clarithromycin, 32% to metronidazole and 13% to both. Triple therapy with amoxicillin and clarithromycin was most commonly prescribed (39%), achieving 81.5% modified intention-to-treat eradication rate. Over 90% eradication was obtained only with 10-day bismuth quadruple or 14-day concomitant treatments. Longer treatment duration, higher acid inhibition and compliance were associated with higher eradication rates. Time-trend analysis showed a region-dependent shift in prescriptions including abandoning triple therapies, using higher acid-inhibition and longer treatments, which was associated with an overall effectiveness increase (84%–90%).ConclusionManagement of H. pylori infection by European gastroenterologists is heterogeneous, suboptimal and discrepant with current recommendations. Only quadruple therapies lasting at least 10 days are able to achieve over 90% eradication rates. European recommendations are being slowly and heterogeneously incorporated into routine clinical practice, which was associated with a corresponding increase in effectiveness.
Brglez Jurecic 14 | José María Huguet 15 | Noelia Alcaide 16 | Irina Voynovan 17 | José María Botargues Bote 18 | Inés Modolell 19 | Jorge Pérez Lasala 20 | Inés Ariño 21 | Laimas Jonaitis 22 | Manuel Dominguez-Cajal 23 | György Buzas 24 | Frode Lerang 25 | Monica Perona 26 | Dmitry Bordin 17 | Toni Axon 27 | Antonio Gasbarrini 28 | Ricardo Marcos Pinto 29 | Yaron Niv 30 | Limas Kupcinskas 22 | Ante Tonkic 31 | Marcis Leja 32 | Theodore Rokkas 33 | Lyudmila Boyanova 34 | Oleg Shvets 35 | Marino Venerito 36 | Peter Bytzer 37 | Adrian Goldis 38 | Ilkay Simsek 39 | Vincent Lamy 40 | Krzysztof Przytulski 41 | Lumír Kunovský 42 | Lisette Capelle 43 | Tomica Milosavljevic 44 | María Caldas 1 | Ana Garre 1 | Francis Mégraud 45 | Colm O'Morain 46 | Javier P. Gisbert 1 | On behalf of the Hp-EuReg Investigators Abstract Background: Experience in Helicobacter pylori eradication treatment of patients allergic to penicillin is very scarce. A triple combination with a PPI, clarithromycin (C), and metronidazole (M) is often prescribed as the first option, although more recently the use of a quadruple therapy with PPI, bismuth (B), tetracycline (T), and M has been recommended. Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of first-line and rescue treatments in patients allergic to penicillin in the "European Registry of H pylori management" (Hp-EuReg). Methods: A systematic prospective registry of the clinical practice of European gastroenterologists (27 countries, 300 investigators) on the management of H pylori infection. An e-CRF was created on AEG-REDCap. Patients with penicillin allergy were analyzed until June 2019. Results: One-thousand eighty-four patients allergic to penicillin were analyzed. The Additional supporting information may be found online in the Supporting Information section. How to cite this article: Nyssen OP, Perez-Aisa Á, Tepes B, et al; On behalf of the Hp-EuReg Investigators. Helicobacter pylori first-line and rescue treatments in patients allergic to penicillin: Experience from the European Registry on H pylori management (Hp-EuReg). Helicobacter. 2020;25:e12686.
Background: Bacterial antibiotic resistance changes over time depending on multiple factors; therefore, it is essential to monitor the susceptibility trends to reduce the resistance impact on the effectiveness of various treatments. Objective: To conduct a time-trend analysis of Helicobacter pylori resistance to antibiotics in Europe. Methods: The international prospective European Registry on Helicobacter pylori Management (Hp-EuReg) collected data on all infected adult patients diagnosed with culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing positive results that were registered at AEG-REDCap e-CRF until December 2020. Results: Overall, 41,562 patients were included in the Hp-EuReg. Culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing were performed on gastric biopsies of 3974 (9.5%) patients, of whom 2852 (7%) were naive cases included for analysis. The number of positive cultures decreased by 35% from the period 2013–2016 to 2017–2020. Concerning naïve patients, no antibiotic resistance was found in 48% of the cases. The most frequent resistances were reported against metronidazole (30%), clarithromycin (25%), and levofloxacin (20%), whereas resistances to tetracycline and amoxicillin were below 1%. Dual and triple resistances were found in 13% and 6% of the cases, respectively. A decrease (p < 0.001) in the metronidazole resistance rate was observed between the 2013–2016 (33%) and 2017–2020 (24%) periods. Conclusion: Culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing for Helicobacter pylori are scarcely performed (<10%) in Europe. In naïve patients, Helicobacter pylori resistance to clarithromycin remained above 15% throughout the period 2013–2020 and resistance to levofloxacin, as well as dual or triple resistances, were high. A progressive decrease in metronidazole resistance was observed.
As exocrine and endocrine pancreatic insufficiency can develop after AP, routine follow-up of patients is necessary, for which serum nutritional panel measurements can be useful.
Helicobacter pylori resistance rates to antibiotics vary in different countries and even in different regions of the same country. Choice of treatment is strongly dependent on antibiotic resistance rates. In some countries, triple therapy with a proton-pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin is still the best option, but eradication results fall short of what would be desired (90-95%) in countries with clarithromycin resistance >20%, bismuth-containing quadruple therapy, or nonbismuth sequential or concomitant therapies may then be the preferred option. Newer antibiotic regimens are awaited. Vaccination would be the best option, especially for developing countries, but little progress has been made in designing a vaccine.A considerable amount of work has been conducted over the last year assessing many issues around Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy. These focussed primarily on assessing the efficacy of current standard triple therapy and exploring new first-line treatments. There was also progress in investigating antibiotic resistance rates, and the rescue therapies required to deal with ensuing treatment failures. There has also been an evolution in the use of adjunctive therapies. This article will address the published literature over the last year pertaining to these topics. Triple TherapyNumerous studies over the last year have assessed the efficacy of standard triple therapy with amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and a proton-pump inhibitor for the eradication of H. pylori, which have been perceived to be in decline in recent years. One such study looked at cure rates reported in all published literature from Spain between 1997 and 2008 and found that while cure rates have in fact been stable over that period, they remain inadequate with a mean cure rate of 80% by intention-to-treat and 83% by per-protocol . Similar results were obtained from a multicenter study in Japan that revealed an eradication rate of 80.7% with an incidence of adverse drug reactions of 4.4% . Other studies have looked at whether the efficacy of triple therapy can be improved by prolonging the course of therapy. In China, a study of shorter regimens showed eradication rates of 76, 89, and 91% for 3-day, 5-day, and 7-day regimens, respectively . Increasing efficacy by prolongation of therapy was also noted in Greek patients, with eradication rates of 74.5% for 7 days, 80.6% for 10 days, and 90.2% for 14 days of therapy . Another study showed that efficacy could be maintained when lower doses of medications were given, which reduced costs and side effects with cure rates of 77.2% for 10 mg rabeprazole, 500 mg amoxicillin, and 250 mg clarithromycin vs 78.9% for the standard 20 mg, 1 g, and 500 mg doses of these drugs .Regardless of the type of therapy used, study from Canada showed widespread failure to comply with test and treat in up to 10% of cases and a failure to confirm eradication in 32% . This illustrates that efficacious first-line therapy will always depend on adherence to guidelines by phy...
BackgroundIn the study, we aimed to determine whether regular outpatient controls in patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis have an impact on their survival and hospitalisation rates.Patients and methodsWe included patients with liver cirrhosis and regular outpatient controls as a prospective study group and patients with liver cirrhosis who were admitted to hospital only in cases of complications as a retrospective control group. The study was conducted between 2006 and 2011.ResultsWe included 98 patients in the study group and 101 patients in the control group. There were more outpatient controls in the study group than in the control group (5.54 examinations vs. 2.27 examinations, p = 0.000). Patients in the study group had 25 fewer hospitalisations (10.2%; p = 0.612). The median survival rate was 4.6 years in the study group and 2.9 years in the control group (p = 0.021). Patients with Child A classification had an average survival of one year longer in the study group (p = 0.035). No significant difference was found for Child B patients. Patients with Child C classification had longer survival by 1.6 years in the study group (p = 0.006). Alcohol consumption was lower in the study group than in the control group (p = 0.018).ConclusionsWe confirmed that patients with regular outpatient controls had lower alcohol consumption, a lower hospitalisation rate and significantly prolonged survival time. We confirmed the necessity for the establishment of regular outpatient controls in patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis.
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