In view of the complicated heat transfer calculation for air coolers and the difficulty of directly calculating the exit temperature of natural gas in a compressor station, taking the dry air cooler of model GP12 × 3-6-258-13.0S-S-23.4/DR-Ia configured in the West-East Natural Gas Pipeline II as an example, a three-dimensional simplified model of the air cooler is established. The model is used to simulate a temperature flow field of a dry air cooler-finned tube based on Fluent flow field analysis software. This paper studies the cooling effect of the dry air cooler-finned tube on high-temperature and high-pressure natural gas at compressor outlet. By comparing and analyzing the relationships among natural gas mass flow, inlet air temperature, inlet natural gas temperature, and outlet natural gas temperature for an air cooler, the formula of temperature drop of dry air cooler to natural gas is fitted, and the fitting formula is verified by field operation data. The results show that the average error between the fitting results and the actual data is less than 1.5%, which proves the correctness of the fitting formula and greatly simplifies the heat transfer calculation process for air coolers.
K E Y W O R D Sdry air coolers, finned tube, optimization, outlet natural gas temperature
To explore the problem of the slack flow and waterhead having a huge impact on the low point of a pipeline during the water-filling process of a large-drop pipeline, the crossing section of the Nujiang China-Myanmar crude oil pipeline (for which the maximum height difference is 1480 m) is taken as an actual case, and water filling of an oil pipe segment with a large drop is simulated based on an OLGA multiphase flow transient simulation. The maximum velocity, pressure, and corresponding liquid holdup at different low points of the pipeline are studied, and the variations of water flow velocity, pressure, and liquid holdup with time at different low points under different load conditions are obtained. A stress analysis of the pipeline is performed through CAESAR II. The results showed that, when the volume flow rate was 900-2000 m 3 /h, the probability of slug flow in pipe could be reduced by 57%. Meanwhile, the tube pressure fluctuation and damage to the pipeline and equipment are reduced and pipeline transportation efficiency is improved, thereby providing an effective basis for engineering practice.
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