Background: Healthcare is changing and the professions that deliver it need to adapt and change too. The aim of this research was to inform the development of a workforce strategy for Dietetics for 2020-2030. This included an understanding of the drivers for change, the views of stakeholders and recommendations to prepare the profession for the future. Methods: The research included three phases: (i) establishing the context which included a literature and document review (environmental scan); (ii) discovering the profession and professional issues using crowd-sourcing technology; and (iii) articulating the vision for the future using appreciative inquiry. Results: The environmental scan described the current status of the dietetic profession, the changing healthcare environment, the context in which dietitians work and what future opportunities exist for the profession. The online conversation facilitated by crowd-sourcing technology asked the question: 'How can dietitians strengthen their future role, influence and impact?' Dietitians and interested stakeholders (726 and 109, respectively) made 6130 contributions. Seven priorities were identified and fed into the appreciative inquiry event. The event bought together 54 dietitians and analysis of the discussions generated five themes: (i) professional identity; (ii) strong foundations-creating structure and direction for the profession; (iii) amplifying visibility and influence; (iv) embracing advances in science and technology; and (v) career advancement and emerging opportunities. Conclusions: A series of recommendations were made for the next steps in moving the workforce to a new future. The future for dietetics looks bright, embracing technology, as well as exploring different ways of working and new opportunities, as this dynamic profession continues to evolve.
Efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions to treat malnutrition in older persons: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The SENATOR project ONTOP series and MaNuEL Knowledge Hub project,
Background Malnutrition is a problem within hospitals, which impacts upon clinical outcomes. The present audit assesses whether a hospital menu meets the energy and protein standards recommended by the British Dietetic Association's (BDA) Nutrition and Hydration Digest and determines the contribution of oral nutrition supplements (ONS) and additional snacks. Methods Patients in a UK South West hospital were categorised as ‘nutritionally well’ or ‘nutritionally vulnerable’ in accordance with their Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool score. Energy and protein content of food selected from the menu (‘menu choice’), menu food consumed (‘hospital intake’) and total food consumed including snacks (‘overall intake’) were calculated and compared with the standards. Results In total, 93 patients were included. For ‘nutritionally well’ patients (n = 81), energy and protein standards were met by 11.1% and 33.3% (‘menu choice’); 7.4% and 22.2% (‘hospital intake’); and 14.8% and 28.4% (‘overall intake’). For ‘nutritionally vulnerable’ patients (n = 12), energy and protein standards were met by 0% and 8.3% (‘menu choice’); 0% and 8.3% (‘hospital intake’); and 8.3% and 16.7% (‘overall intake’). Ten percent of patients consumed ONS. Patients who consumed hospital snacks (34%) were more likely to meet the nutrient standards (P ≤ 0.001). Conclusions The present audit demonstrated that most patients are not meeting the nutrient standards recommended by the BDA Nutrition and Hydration Digest. Recommendations include the provision of energy/protein‐dense snacks, as well as menu, offering ONS where clinically indicated, in addition to training for staff. A food services dietitian is ideally placed to lead this, forming a vital link between patients, caterers and clinical teams.
There is growing evidence of disordered iron homeostasis in the diabetic condition, with links proposed between dietary iron intakes and both the risk of disease and the risk of complications of advanced disease. In the United States, Britain, and Canada, the largest dietary contributors of iron are cereals and cereal products and meat and meat products. This review discusses the findings of cohort studies and meta-analyses of heme iron and red meat intakes and the risk of type 2 diabetes. These suggest that processed red meat is associated with increased risk, with high intakes of red meat possibly also associated with a small increased risk. Historically, humans have relied on large quantities of heme iron and red meat in their diets, and therefore it is paradoxical that iron from meat sources should be associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes. A reason for this association may be drawn from studies of dietary advanced glycation and lipoxidation endproducts present in processed food and the mechanisms by which insulin output by pancreatic islet cells might be influenced by the protein modifications present in processed red meat.
In this population, despite better knowledge, younger patients have worse phosphate control than older patients. Using the same dietary education techniques may not be suitable for all ages, more innovative approaches supported by skilled health professionals are needed to motivate and engage with younger patients to promote self-management and adherence.
Background Children with chronic kidney disease require specialist renal paediatric dietetic care, regardless of disease severity or geographical location; however, under‐resourcing makes this challenging. Videoconsultation may offer a solution but research exploring its acceptability is limited. The present study explored parent/carer and child perspectives of videoconsultation as an alternative or supplement to existing regional dietetic care. Methods Children and families using a regional paediatric nephrology service were recruited through purposeful sampling techniques. Renal paediatric dietitians used existing hospital software to host videoconsultations with families. Perspectives were subsequently explored in telephone interviews with the children, their parents and separately with the renal dietitians. Data were transcribed verbatim and an inductive framework analysis conducted. Results Twelve families took part in the study, comprising 13 parents and five children (aged 9 months to 14 years). Two renal dietitians were also interviewed. Six themes emerged which were ‘Logistics’, ‘Understanding Information’, ‘Family Engagement’, ‘Establishing Trust’, ‘Willingness to Change’ and ‘Preferences’. Satisfaction with the videoconsultations was high, with no data security fears and only minor privacy concerns. Parents reported that screen‐sharing software enhanced their understanding, generating greater discussion and engagement compared to clinic and telephone contacts. Parents praised efficiencies and improved access to specialist advice, requesting that videoconsultations supplement care. Children preferred videoconsultations outright. Conclusions Dietetic videoconsultations were acceptable to families and perceived to be a feasible, high‐quality complement to regional specialist dietetic care. Enhanced understanding and engagement might improve self‐care in adolescents. The acceptability and feasibility of videoconsultations could address inequitable regional service provision.
Background: There is an increased demand in primary healthcare but general practitioner (GP) numbers are declining, creating significant challenges. Dietitians are ideal professionals to lead the treatment of patients with conditions that are amenable to dietary manipulation, including the management of malnutrition and frailty. The present study evaluated the benefits of a model of care in which a dietitian, working as a first contact practitioner within a general practice, provided care to patients at risk of malnutrition and frailty, aiming to reduce GP workload, improve patient care and make cost savings. Methods: A service evaluation with a dietitian employed 6 h per week for 6 months. The practice database was screened for patients aged ≥65 years and electronic Frailty index 0.26-0.36 or body mass index <19 kg m -2 . These patients were triaged by the dietitian and those at risk of malnutrition offered consultations. Patients prescribed oral nutritional supplements (ONS) and not under dietetic management were also seen. Results: Approximately 1200 patients met the screening criteria; 189 (16%) patients were triaged by the dietitian. Most (75%) were at risk of malnutrition and 63 of these were seen. Improvements in strength, frailty and nutrition status were observed, and changes to ONS prescriptions in 27 patients equated to annual cost savings of £15,379. Patient satisfaction was high. Conclusions: Dietitians, acting as first contact practitioners, can deliver significant improvements in care for older people at risk of malnutrition and frailty as part of the practice multi-disciplinary team. Cost savings for ONS were made and other potential cost saving were evident.
Background In a previous audit, 81% of enteral protein prescriptions failed to meet protein guidelines. To address this, a very high‐protein enteral formula and protein supplements were introduced, and protein prescriptions were adjusted to account for nonnutrition energy sources displacing enteral formula. This follow‐up audit compared protein provision in critically ill adults requiring exclusive enteral nutrition (EN), first, with local and international guidelines, and second, after changes to practice, with the previous audit in the same intensive care unit (ICU). Methods Data were collected from 106 adults consecutively admitted to the ICU of a U.K. tertiary hospital and requiring exclusive EN ≥3 days. Protein targets based on local guidelines (1.25, 1.5, or 2.0 g/kg/d), nutrition prescription, and delivery were recorded for 24 hours between days 1–3, 5–7, 8–10, and 18–20 post‐ICU admission. Results The proportion of day 1–3 protein prescriptions meeting protein targets increased from 19% in 2015 to 69% in 2017 (P < .0005, φ = 0.50). The median percentage of protein target delivered was lower than prescribed (79% vs 103%; (P < .0005; r = 0.53) and EN delivery only met the target of 22% of patients. The proportion of protein prescriptions meeting protein targets was similar for days 1–3 (69%), 5–7 (71%), and 8–10 (68%), but increased slightly by days 18–20 (74%). The proportion of patients for which EN delivery met protein targets increased with the number of days post‐ICU admission (22%, 26%, 37%, and 53% for days 1–3, 5–7, 8–10, and 18–20, respectively). Conclusion The proportion of protein prescriptions meeting guideline targets was higher after changes to practice.
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