The Cold War is the reason the Internet was invented. The Internet was born as a military wide area network called ARPANET. During the 1980s, it was split into separate military and civilian networks. The latter became the Internet, and it has evolved from the contributions of many people. One contributor, Paul Baran, pioneered distributed topology and packet switching principles at RAND (1959-1964) which became the foundation of the evolving Internet. There are plenty of other contributors who provided incremental improvements to this network. Their work can be considered “bricks” of the Internet Cathedral, since it takes many years and many priests, architects, and builders to build a cathedral.
Abstract. This paper has been invited to be published by the Springer LNBIP series/2014 and so, it is an improved version from those version accepted for presentation at the Fifth Pre-ICIS workshop on ES Research, St Louis/USA 2010 . The paper considers some challenges and reflections concerned with Information and Knowledge/Wise Societies and Sociotechnical Systems. After a brief and innovative panorama on the information and knowledge/wise societies and sociotechnical system we present the core of this work: challenges and reflections related with our society and systems. For some of these challenges and reflections has been proposed answers such as: treatment of the organization as a living being → synergism & collaborative ecosystem research efforts; a unfair shared leadership, information partnership and a collaborative relationship in the age of knowledge and, a new way of development, which comprises the social, econom-
From the Information and Knowledge Societies to Sociotechnical SystemsA similar contribution of this paper has been published in . The main difference between that publication and this one is: we are now taking into consideration the challenges and reflections on three societies: information, knowledge and wisdom. In the
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