An experimental investigation was performed on a UHV tower model for the EMTP multiconductor calculation of lightning overvoltage at substations associated with backflashover at an adjacent transmission tower. The various lightning surge response characteristics were measured on an actual UHV tower, and parameters of a multistory transmission tower model that can reproduce voltages across the insulator strings, voltages of the crossarms, and voltages of the power lines were determined. A value of 120 R was determined as the surge impedance at each section of the multistory tower model, which closely agreed with the tower surge impedance measured for the UHV tower alone.
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